Mohamud Siad Togane
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Mohamud Siad Togane ((ソマリ語:''Maxamed Siyaad Toogane''), (アラビア語:محمد سياد توغن)), born July 1, 1947, is a Somali-Canadian poet and peace activist.
Born in Somalia to Waceysle parents, Togane was educated in Mennonite schools in Mahaddei and Jowhar in his home country.〔 He subsequently moved to the United States where he attended Hartnell Junior College. He graduated from Eastern Mennonite College with a BA in English literature in 1969,〔〔(【引用サイトリンク】title= Togane )〕 where he was among the first Somali Christians from Muslim background to enroll. He returned to Somalia and taught at the Lafole College of Education from 1970 to 1973. Like many other intellectuals, he left Somali to escape Mohammed Siad Barre's military regime.〔 He settled in Canada in 1973 and acquired Canadian citizenship in 1978.〔Robert Rhodes ("Togane Exposed" ) - Mennonite Weekly Review, December 17, 2004〕 He received an MA in creative writing from Montreal's Concordia University in 1982.〔 He has taught and lectured at many colleges and universities in Canada and the United States.〔 He co-founded the Montreal Somali House and the Somali Peace coalition, and has been involved in several efforts for Somali peace and reconciliation including a visit to Somali in 1991-2.〔
Togane published his first collection of poetry in 1986. The book, ''The Bottle and the Bushman: Poems of the Prodigal Son'', focussed on themes of racism, alcoholism and Christianity.〔 This and future writings also acerbically critique Somali social and political practices, including female genital mutilation, life under dictatorship, prejudice between cultures, clans and religious and the dangers of clans.〔〔 His works, described as "brilliant caustic, controversial, wickedly funny, and associative free-verse commentaries".〔 also appear on his and other Somali websites, skewering aspects of Somali politics and experience.〔 The poems, which often examine and reflect on subjects that are taboo in public Somali discourse, and they may be expressed with vulgar language to reinforce the point. Religious, philosophical, literary and pop culture references abound.〔 Critics argue his confrontational style sometimes contributes to the conflict he seeks to expose and oppose. However, others state that his style reflects his acknowledgement that he, like other Somalis, are deeply influenced by clan-based thinking and the influence of the civil war.〔
His poetry has been collected in several anthologies and appeared on Montreal buses as part of the Poetry in Motion program.〔 Togane has written articles for various media, including ''The Globe and Mail'', ''Zymergy'', and ''African Art''.
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