| Moenave Formation ： ウィキペディア英語版|
The Moenave Formation is a Mesozoic geologic formation, in the Glen Canyon Group. It is found in Utah and Arizona.
The Moenave was deposited on an erosion surface on the Chinle Formation following an early Jurassic uplift and unconformity that represents about ten million years of missing sedimentation.〔Biek, Robert F.; Grant C. Willis, Micheal D. Hylland, and Hellmut H. Doelling (August 2003). "Geology of Zion National Park, Utah". In Paul B. Anderson (editor). Geology of Utah's Parks and Monuments. Bryce Canyon Natural History Association and Utah Geological Association. ISBN 1-882054-10-5〕 Periodic incursions of shallow seas from the north during the Jurassic flooded parts of Wyoming, Montana, and a northeast–southwest trending trough on the Utah/Idaho border. The Moenave was deposited in a variety of river, lake, and flood-plain environments.〔
The oldest beds of this formation belong to the Dinosaur Canyon Member, a reddish, slope-forming rock layer with thin beds of siltstone that are interbedded with mudstone and fine sandstone. The Dinosaur Canyon, with a local thickness of , was probably laid down in slow-moving streams, ponds and large lakes. Evidence for this is in cross-bedding of the sediments and large numbers of fish fossils.
The upper member of the Moenave is the pale reddish-brown with a thickness of and cliff-forming Springdale Sandstone.〔 It was deposited in swifter, larger, and more voluminous streams than the older Dinosaur Canyon Member.〔 Fossils of large sturgeon-like freshwater fish have been found in the beds of the Springdale Sandstone.〔 The next member in the Moenave Formation is the thin-bedded Whitmore Point, which is made of mudstone and shale.〔 The lower red cliffs visible from the Zion Human History Museum (until 2000 the Zion Canyon Visitor Center) are accessible examples of this formation.
Dinosaur remains are among the fossils that have been recovered from the formation, although none have yet been referred to a specific genus.〔Weishampel, et al. (2004). "Dinosaur distribution." Pp. 517-607.〕
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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