| Metabolic advantage ： ウィキペディア英語版|
Metabolic advantage is a term used in nutrition to describe the ability of a diet to achieve greater weight loss (or less weight gain〔(Overfeeding and the Metabolic Advantage. Protein Power. )〕) than another diet of equivalent calories. It is a claimed effect of low-carbohydrate diets and was popularised by the Atkins diet, but although several mechanisms exist to make it biologically plausible, it has yet to be definitively demonstrated as a significant factor in weight control. Some studies that have specifically measured the changes in basal metabolic rate under isocaloric very high-fat and very high-carbohydrate diets have failed to find any statistically significant differences.
The human body obtains the majority of its energy through the citric acid cycle, which can use any of the macronutrients to generate adenosine triphosphate (ATP) used to transport chemical energy within cells. The chemical processes involved use energy themselves, so variations in the efficiency of these processes will have the same effect as variations in caloric intake.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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