''The London Gazette'' is one of the official journals of record of the British government, and the most important among such official journals in the United Kingdom, in which certain statutory notices are required to be published. ''The London Gazette'' claims to be the oldest surviving English newspaper and the oldest continuously published newspaper in the UK, having been first published on 7 November 1665 (Old Style) as ''The Oxford Gazette''. This claim is also made by the ''Stamford Mercury'' and ''Berrow's Worcester Journal'', because the Gazette is not a conventional newspaper offering general news coverage. It does not have a large circulation.
Other official newspapers of the UK government are the ''Edinburgh'' and ''Belfast Gazettes'', which, apart from reproducing certain materials of nationwide interest published in ''The London Gazette'', also contain publications specific to Scotland and Northern Ireland, respectively.
In turn, ''The London Gazette'' carries not only notices of UK-wide interest, but also those relating specifically to entities or people in England and Wales. However, certain notices that are only of specific interest to Scotland or Northern Ireland are also required to be published in ''The London Gazette''.
The ''London'', ''Edinburgh'' and ''Belfast Gazettes'' are published by TSO on behalf of Her Majesty's Stationery Office. They are subject to Crown Copyright.
''The London Gazette'' is published each weekday, except for Bank Holidays. Notices for the following, among others, are published:
*Granting of Royal Assent to bills of the Parliament of the United Kingdom or of the Scottish Parliament
*The issuance of writs of election when a vacancy occurs in the House of Commons
*Appointments to certain public offices
*Commissions in the Armed Forces and subsequent promotion of officers
*Corporate and personal insolvency
*Granting of awards of honours and military medals
*Changes of names or of coats of arms
*Royal Proclamations and other Declarations
Her Majesty's Stationery Office has digitised all issues of the Gazette, and these are available online.〔(Search the London Gazette Archive )〕
The official Gazettes are published by The Stationery Office. The content, apart from insolvency notices, is available in a number of machine-readable formats, including XML (delivery by email/FTP)
and XML/RDFa via Atom feed.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Data Re-use )〕
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