| Lillian Browse ： ウィキペディア英語版|
Lillian Gertrude Browse (21 April 1906 – 2 December 2005) was a London art dealer and art historian, and was a partner in two London galleries, first Roland, Browse and Delbanco and then Browse & Darby. During the Second World War she organised exhibitions at the National Gallery, whose collections had been removed to the country for safety. She wrote a number of monographs on 20th-century artists, including important works on Walter Sickert and Sir William Nicholson. She was nicknamed "The Duchess of Cork Street", and used that name as the title of her autobiography.
Lillian Browse was born Lily Gertie Browse at 2 Carlton Mansions, West End Lane, in West Hampstead, London, on 21 April 1906; she subsequently changed her names to Lillian Gertrude.〔 She was the younger child of Michael Browse and his wife Gladys Amy ''née'' Meredith. In 1909 the family moved to South Africa, where her father had set up as a racehorse trainer, and she was educated at Barnato Park High School, in Johannesburg in the Transvaal.〔 In 1928 she returned to Britain and trained as a dancer under Margaret Craske at the Cecchetti Ballet School. Instead of becoming a ballet-dancer as she had planned and trained to do, she began in 1931 to work, at first without pay, for Harold Leger of the well-known Leger Galleries in Bond Street.〔 During the Second World War Browse organised a number of exhibitions at the National Gallery, which was empty as the collections had been removed to Aberystwyth for safety.〔 The first of these was ''British Painting since Whistler'' in 1940;〔 a retrospective ''Exhibition of Paintings by Sir William Nicholson and Jack B. Yeats'' was held in 1942.〔
In 1945 Browse formed a partnership with Gustav Delbanco and Henry Roland and opened Roland, Browse and Delbanco in Cork Street, which at that time was, in Browse's words, a "haunt for prostitutes";〔 there was then only one other gallery in the street, the Redfern.〔 In 1977 the lease of the 19 Cork Street premises fell in and the partnership dissolved. The dealer William Darby took over the lease and with Browse opened a new gallery, Browse & Darby, at the same address.〔〔 Browse retired in 1981.
In 1983 almost all of her personal art collection was exhibited at the Courtauld Gallery, which at that time was in Woburn Square. She donated more than 30 works to the Courtauld Institute in 1982, and bequeathed a further eight.〔
Lillian Browse was married twice, first to Ivan Joseph in 1934, and then in 1964 to Sidney Lines. In 1998 she was made a Commander of the British Empire for services to the visual arts. She died in London on 2 December 2005.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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