Latino Athletes in American Sports
| Latino Athletes in American Sports ： ウィキペディア英語版|
One of the up-and-coming fields of study across the nation is Latino Studies; however this study of the Latino and Latina culture is lacking an approach to the ways in which sports have interacted with the Latino/a community in the United States. For the sake of this article, a Latino/a is anyone who can trace ancestry back to any country in Central or South America, as well as Caribbean Islands, however the majority of this article will be focusing on athletes who hail from Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, and the Dominican Republic. Latinos have had a large impact on American sports in a variety of ways and in varying sports. In baseball, Latinos make up the largest minority group and many Latinos have become stars in the league. In 2008, twenty seven percent of MLB players were of Latino heritage. Other sports such as basketball, hockey, and football are seeing a rise in the participation of Latino/a athletes, although they still remain a minority within the leagues. Latino/as have also been able to make their mark on other sports such as golf, women's basketball, and soccer, showing that they are a force across many sports and have had a definite impact on their respective games.〔http://www.tidesport.org/index.html〕
Soccer is 〔 the most popular sport in the world, and is the most popular sport in the majority of Latino countries. The World Cup is arguably the most prolific tournament for a single sport in the world combining soccer players from around the globe to compete for the chance to call your home country champions. Since 1930, there has been a competition every four years to see which country is the best at soccer (excluding 1942 and 1946 due to World War II). The first world cup actually took place in a Latino country, Uruguay. This specific completion involved thirteen teams including eight countries from South and Central America, so more than half of the tournament involved Latin American Countries. Uruguay ended up winning the world cup that year and in 1950. The only other Latin American country to win the world cup is Argentina, who was victorious in 1978 and 1986. Having mentioned that, only seven countries in the world have actually won the world cup, so Latino countries have put for more than their fair share of representation. Latino countries that have hosted the event besides Uruguay are Chile in 1962 and Mexico in 1970 and 1986. It is evident that the world cup is the sport's greatest stage, and Latino Countries have had a great impact on its history and growth.〔(http://soccernet.espn.go.com/world-cup/columns/story?id=696757&cc=5901&ver=us)〕
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