is the oldest extant chronicle in Japan, dating from the early 8th century (711–712) and composed by Ō no Yasumaro at the request of Empress Gemmei. The ''Kojiki'' is a collection of myths concerning the origin of the four home islands of Japan, and the Kami. Along with the ''Nihon Shoki'', the myths contained in the ''Kojiki'' are part of the inspiration behind many practices. Later, the myths were re-appropriated for Shinto practices including the misogi purification ritual.
The ''Kojiki'' contains various songs/poems. While the historical records and myths are written in a form of Chinese with a heavy mixture of Japanese elements, the songs are written with Chinese characters that are only used to convey sounds. This special use of Chinese characters is called ''Man'yōgana'', a knowledge of which is critical to understanding these songs, which are written in Old Japanese.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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