Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit
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The Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit System (KMRT; ) is a rapid transit system covering metropolitan Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Construction of the KMRT started in October 2001.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Railways )〕 The Red Line and the Orange Line opened on March 9 and September 14, 2008, respectively. KMRT is operated by the Kaohsiung Rapid Transit Corporation (KRTC; ) under the BOT contract the company signed with the Kaohsiung City Government.
Two of Kaohsiung's MRT stations, Formosa Boulevard Station and Central Park Station, were ranked among the top 50 most beautiful subway systems in the world by Metrobits.org in 2011.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=A guide to the fifty most beautiful subway systems in the world )〕 In 2012, the two stations respectively are ranked as the 2nd and the 4th among the top 15 most beautiful subway stops in the world by BootsnAll.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=15 of the Most Beautiful Subway Stops in the World )〕
The Kaohsiung City Government undertook a feasibility study to construct a rapid transit system in Kaohsiung in 1987. After finding favorable results, the city government began lobbying the Central Government for approval and funding. In 1990 approval was obtained to establish the ''Kaohsiung City Mass Rapid Transit Bureau'' and planning of the rapid transit network started. The first phase of the ''Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit System'', the Red and Orange Lines, was approved in 1991, but disputes in funding shares between Kaohsiung City and Kaohsiung County Governments stalled the project. The ''Kaohsiung City Mass Rapid Transit Bureau'' was officially established in 1994, to coincide with the project's move into the final scoping and detail design stages.〔(KMRT History - Kaohsiung City Mass Rapid Transit Bureau official site (Traditional Chinese) )〕
Work continued until 1996, when the Central Government ordered KMRT to look into constructing the project via the Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) method. In 1999 the city government put out a request for the BOT contract to construct the first phase of the KMRT system. In 2000, out of the three consortia that submitted bids, ''Kaohsiung Rapid Transit Corporation'' (''KRTC'') was awarded the contract received priority negotiating rights with the city government in constructing the system. KRTC obtained a company license and was registered in December 2000. In January 2001, KRTC signed the "Construction and Operation Agreement" and the "Development Agreement" with the Kaohsiung City Government, signaling the beginning of construction of the KMRT system. The main participants of the KRTC are: China Steel Corporation, Southeast Cement Corporation, RSEA Engineering Corporation, China Development Industrial Bank, and the Industrial Bank of Taiwan.〔 The currently system cost NT$181.3 (US$5.46 billion) to construct and includes a contract for 30 years of operation and maintenance.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=The Special Features And Prospect For Kaohsiung Rapid Transit System Project )〕 Construction costs were shared between the central government (79%), Kaohsiung City Government (19%), and Kaohsiung County Government (2%).〔
Construction began in October 2001, with 66 shield tunnels (45.3 km) completed in May 2006.〔 The cut-and-cover and bored tunnel methods were used for construction of the lines.〔 In November 2006, the first trial runs began on the Red Line.〔 In January 2007, the last concrete slabs were laid for the 37 planned stations.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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