Jung Bahadur Rana
| Jung Bahadur Rana ： ウィキペディア英語版|
Maharaja Jung Bahadur Rana ((ネパール語:जंग बहादुर राणा)) (or Jung Bahadur Kunwar ((ネパール語:जंग बहादुर कुँवर)), GCB, GCSI, June 18, 1817, Kathmandu, Nepal - February 25, 1877, Borlang, Gorkha
) was a ruler of Nepal and founder of the Rana Dynasty of Nepal. His real name was Bir Narsingh Kunwar but he became famous by the name Jung Bahadur, given to him by Mathebar Thapa, his maternal uncle.
During his lifetime, he eliminated the factional fighting at the court, removed his family rivals such as ''Pandes'' and ''Basnyats'' and paved way for finding of Rana Dynasty, introduced innovations into the bureaucracy and the judiciary, and made efforts to "modernize" Nepal. He remains one of the most important figures in Nepalese history, though modern historians have also blamed Jung Bahadur for setting up the dictatorship that repressed the nation for 104 years from 1903 BS to 2007 BS and left it in a primitive economic condition. Others exclusively blame his nephews, the Shumsher Ranas, for Nepal's dark period of history.〔Rana, ''Jung bahadur rana: The story of his rise and glory''〕 Rana rule was marked by tyranny, debauchery, economic exploitation and religious persecution.
His father, Bal Narsingh Kunwar (aka Bala Narsingh Kunwar), was in court the day Rana Bahadur Shah was murdered by his own half-brother Sher Bahadur Shah; as a retaliation Bal Narsingh killed him on the spot. For this action, he was rewarded with the position of ''Kaji'', which was made hereditary in his family, also he was the only person allowed to carry weapons inside the court. Through his mother Ganesh Kumari, he was related to the powerful Thapa family, which helped him enter the royal court at a young age.
.Through his maternal grandmother he was related to the powerful Pande family as his maternal grandmother Rana Kumari was the daughter of ''Kaji'' Ranajit Pande, an influential royal courtier.
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