John Clarence Webster
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John Clarence Webster, (21 October 1863 – 16 March 1950) was a Canadian-born physician pioneering in Obstetrics and gynaecology who in retirement had a second career as an historian, specializing in the history of his native New Brunswick. He was born in Shediac, New Brunswick and he died there at the age of 86 on 16 March 1950.
He attended Mount Allison University where he matriculated in 1878 and obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1882. After graduating, he travelled to Scotland and in 1883 he began medical studies at the University of Edinburgh, graduating with a Bachelor of Medicine and a Masters in Surgery in 1888. During this time, he also went to Leipzig and Berlin to further his medical training. He worked at the University of Edinburgh as an assistant in the Department of Midwifery and Diseases of Women. After thirteen years abroad, he returned to Canada in 1896 and settled in Montreal where he was appointed Lecturer in Gynecology at McGill University and Assistant Gynecologist to the Royal Victoria Hospital. In Montreal, Webster assisted with the formation of the Jubilee Nursing Scheme, which later become the Victorian Order of Nurses ().
Three years later, in 1899, he moved to Chicago where he had accepted the Chair of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Rush Medical College when it was affiliated with the University of Chicago. He also worked at various hospitals in Chicago, including Presbyterian Hospital, the Central Free Dispensary, and St Anthony’s hospital. He also contributed to various medical journals and was one of the Editors-in-Chief of ''Surgery, Gynecology and Obstetrics''. He was married to Alice Kussler Lusk, (1880–1953) of New York the same year he moved to Chicago. She was the daughter of a well known New York physician named Dr. William Lusk. The couple would have three children.
Webster became well known for his pioneering work in obstetrics and gynecology in Chicago, and soon rose to the position of Head of the Department. The Baldy-Webster Operation is named after him: Webster first described the method of treating retrodisplacement of the uterus in 1901 and James Montgomery Baldy () modified it in 1903 (). The operation involved shortening the round ligaments, or ''Ligamenta rotunda''. He also published an important text on women's diseases in 1907.
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