John Churchill (lawyer)
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John Churchill was an English lawyer of the seventeenth century. He should not be confused with his nephew John Churchill, a judge.
His practice enjoyed great success during the 1630s and he was a member of the Middle Temple and Deputy Registrar of Chancery.〔Holmes p.39〕 He bought an estate at Newton Montacute near Sherborne in Dorset. During the English Civil War he supported Charles I and his son Sir Winston served as a Cavalier in the King's army while John, too old for military service, served Charles in a civil capacity. However following the Battle of Naseby he withdrew his support for the King, sometime before the final Siege of Oxford. Nonetheless the victorious Parliamentarians imposed fines of £840 on him, but he was permitted to keep his property.〔Holmes p.39-40〕
John was the son of Jasper Churchill and had a younger brother also named Jasper.〔Holmes p.XVII〕 In 1618 He married Sarah Winston, the daughter of Sir Henry Winston of Gloucestershire.〔Holmes p.40〕 He was the father of Sir Winston Churchill and the grandfather of John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough. He was great-grandfather of James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick, the son of James II and Churchill's granddaughter Arabella Churchill.
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