| Jane Williams ： ウィキペディア英語版|
Jane Williams (''née'' Jane Cleveland; 21 January 1798 – 8 November 1884)〔 was a British woman best known for her association with the Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley. Jane was raised in England and India, before marrying a naval officer and settling in London. She soon left him for another military officer, Edward Ellerker Williams. After Edward and she left England for Italy, they became acquainted with Percy and Mary Shelley. Though she never had a romantic relationship with Shelley, near the end of his life he became deeply infatuated with her and addressed several of his poems to her. After Shelley and Edward Williams perished in a boating accident, she lived with Thomas Jefferson Hogg, also a close friend of Shelley, and had two children with him. The rest of her life was spent as a housewife in London.
==Early life and first marriage==
Jane was born in Marylebone into a wealthy family who owned an extensive library. Her mother gave birth to her when she was close to forty years old. Her father, who had spent much of his life working in India, died shortly after her birth. Her mother soon gambled away much of the family fortune.〔
As a girl, she learned to sing and to play the harp, the guitar, and the piano. By her mid teens, Jane possessed an annual annuity of only ₤30.〔 Jane spent much of her early life around military officers. Her brother, John Wheeler Cleavland, was an officer in the British Army who eventually reached the rank of general. He was deployed to India as a young man. Jane spent part of her childhood in India.〔 While in India, she learned Hindustani and remained proficient in the language throughout her life.〔 She often incorporated Indian harmonies into her music.〔
After returning to London, she fell in love with John Edward Johnson, who was the captain of an East Indiaman. This was a potentially lucrative career, and they were married at St Pancras Old Church in 1814. Though she could have travelled with him, Jane remained at home.〔〔〔 They soon separated, most likely due to abuse by John. Jane later said that she suffered "irreparable injuries" while married to him.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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