The International Geographical Union (IGU; (フランス語:Union Géographique Internationale), UGI) is an international geographical society. The first International Geographical Congress was held in Antwerp in 1871. Subsequent meetings led to the establishment of the permanent organization in Brussels, Belgium, in 1922. The Union has 34 Commissions and four task forces. The commissions range from Applied Geography, Gender Geography, Marine Geography, as well as Landscape Analysis and Water Sustainability.
The International Geographical Union adheres to the International Council for Science (ICSU) and the International Social Science Council (ISSC), which it recognizes as coordinating bodies for the international organization of science.
The IGU has seven objectives or aims:
# to promote the study of geographical problems;
# to initiate and co-ordinate geographical research requiring international co-operation and to promote its scientific discussion and publication;
# to provide for the participation of geographers in the work of relevant international organizations;
# to facilitate the collection and diffusion of geographical data and documentation in and between all member countries;
# to promote International Geographical Congresses, regional conferences and specialized symposia related to the objectives of the Union;
# to participate in any other appropriate form of international co-operation with the object of advancing the study and application of geography;
# to promote international standardization or compatibility of methods, nomenclature, and symbols employed in geography.
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