| Hibernia Hall ： ウィキペディア英語版|
The Hibernia Hall (or Hibernian Hall) is a Romanesque Revival building located in downtown Davenport, Iowa, United States. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983. The Hibernian Hall is located on the east side of Brady Street, near the middle of the block. The building’s neighbor to the north is the Philip Worley House (1860). To the south are the Democrat Building (1923) and the Forrest Block (1875). All of the buildings are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Irish immigration into the city of Davenport started with the Irish Famines from 1845 to 1849 and religious persecution in Ireland, which was all under British rule at the time. The Irish numbered 1,961 people in Davenport in 1858. They generally, but not exclusively, resided on the east side of town in and around the area known as Cork Hill. For the most part the Irish immigrants who came to Davenport were laborers who worked in such industries as river men, railroads, telegraph building, and in the areas flour and saw mills.
Like the Germans, Davenport’s other large ethnic group, the Irish formed fraternal organizations. The Fenian Society was the first such group to form in 1864.〔 Largely, the group provided their homeland with military, moral and economic support. Eventually, interest declined and it was replaced in 1881 with the Irish National Land League of America. That organization was replaced three years later with the Ancient Order of Hibernians. In 1885 the Iowa Hibernians held their convention in Davenport.
The Hibernians purchased the Davenport property on Brady Street in the late 1880s or early 1890s. An 1886 Sanborn Fire Insurance map shows a Christian Chapel on the site that would become the Hibernia Hall. It was a two-story building with a deep setback from Brady Street. By the 1892 Sanborn map, the same structure was known as Hibernian Hall. The building dates from about 1855. The group remained active at this location until 1937. The building was converted to retail space on the main level and office space on the upper floors.
The building housed Riverbend Antiques from the early 1970s. Its proprietor, Ron Bellomy, owned the building. Bellomy sold the Hibernian Hall in early 2014 to local developers Manoj and Manisha Baheti who plan to turn it and six adjacent buildings into loft apartments.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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