Henschel & Son ((ドイツ語:Henschel und Sohn)) was a German company, located in Kassel, best known during the 20th century as a maker of transportation equipment, including locomotives, trucks, buses and trolleybuses, and armoured fighting vehicles and weapons.
Georg Christian Carl Henschel founded the factory in 1810 at Kassel. His son Carl Anton Henschel founded another factory in 1837. In 1848, the company began manufacturing locomotives. The factory became the largest locomotive manufacturer in Germany by the 20th century. Henschel built 10 articulated steam trucks, using Doble steam designs, for Deutsche Reichsbahn railways as delivery trucks. Several cars were built as well, one of which became Hermann Göring's staff car. In 1935 Henschel was able to upgrade its various steam locomotives to a high-speed Streamliner type with a maximum speeds of up to by the addition of a removable shell over the old steam locomotive.〔("Locomotive with Streamline Shell is Designed for Speed" ''Popular Mechanics'' October 1935 ) bottom of page 541〕
==World War II==
Early in 1935, Henschel began manufacturing Panzer I tanks. During World War II, the firm was responsible for license production of the Dornier Do 17Z medium bomber, and in 1939–1940 it began large-scale production of the Panzer III. Henschel was the sole manufacturer of the Tiger I and Tiger II. In 1945, the company had 8000 workers working in two shifts each of 12 hours, and forced labour was used extensively. The company's factories were among the most important bomber targets and were nearly completely destroyed, although throughout the war they did manufacture narrow gauge locomotives.
Henschel Flugzeugwerke aircraft and missiles included:
*Henschel Hs 117 ''Schmetterling'' (Butterfly), rocket-engined surface-to-air missile
*Henschel Hs 121, fighter and trainer (prototype)
*Henschel Hs 122, army co-operation/reconnaissance
*Henschel Hs 123, ground-attack (biplane)
*Henschel Hs 124, heavy fighter and bomber (prototype)
*Henschel Hs 125, fighter and trainer (prototype)
*Henschel Hs 126, reconnaissance
*Henschel Hs 127, fast medium bomber (''schnellbomber'' prototype)
*Henschel Hs 128, high-altitude reconnaissance and bomber (prototypes)
*Henschel Hs 129, ground-attack
*Henschel Hs 130, high altitude reconnaissance and bomber (prototypes)
*Henschel Hs 132, jet-engined dive bomber (prototype)
*Henschel Hs 135, delta wing
*Henschel Hs 293, rocket-powered glide bomb
*Henschel Hs 294, rocket-powered anti-shipping glide bomb
*Henschel Hs 295
*Henschel Hs 296
*Henschel Hs 297 ''Föhn'', 73mm anti-aircraft rocket-launcher
*Henschel Hs 298, rocket-powered air-to-air missile
*Henschel Hs P.75, a 1941 design with slightly swept-back wings placed at the rear, swept-back canards at the front, and double pusher propellers at the rear.
*Henschel Hs P.87, a design similar to the Hs P.75, except that the canards in the front are straight and the wing is curved.
*Henschel 'Zitterrochen' (Torpedofish), air-to-surface missile (pre-production only)
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