HMS ''Aeneas'' (P427), named after the hero Aeneas from Greek mythology, was an ''Amphion''-class submarine of the Royal Navy, built by Cammell Laird and launched 9 October 1945.〔http://www.uboat.net/allies/warships/ship/3609.html〕
''Aeneas'' took part in the Coronation Review of the Fleet to celebrate the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in 1953.〔Souvenir Programme, ''Coronation Review of the Fleet, Spithead, 15 June 1953'', HMSO, Gale and Polden〕
''Aeneas'' played the part of the M1 submarine in the 1967 James Bond film ''You Only Live Twice.
In 1972 ''Aeneas'' was hired by Vickers for use in what proved to be successful trials of the Submarine-Launched Airflight Missile (SLAM) system, an anti aircraft system using a cluster of four Shorts Blowpipe missiles on an extendable mast, allowing attacks against low flying aircraft while the submarine was at periscope depth.
''Aeneas'' was broken up in 1974.
On 26 September 2012 DNCS at the company's Le Mourillon plant announced plans to design and build a submarine canister-based air defence weapon based on MBDA's Mistral. The concept is based on the British SLAM missile developed by Vickers in the 1970s and used on HMS ''Aeneas''.〔Janes International Defence Review Vol 45 ''France revives hard-kill submarine defences'', page XIV〕
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