Greek withdrawal from the eurozone
| Greek withdrawal from the eurozone ： ウィキペディア英語版|
The Greek withdrawal from the eurozone is the potential exit of Greece from the eurozone monetary union, primarily for the country or its government to deal with its public debt. The controversial and much discussed possible exit is often referred to in financial circles as "Grexit" or "grexit", a portmanteau combining the words "Greek exit". The term was coined by the Citigroup economist Ebrahim Rahbari and was introduced by Rahbari and Citigroup's Global Chief Economist Willem H. Buiter on 6 February 2012 〔(Economist Who Coined ‘Grexit’ Now Says Greece Will Stay in Euro ). By Flavia Krause-Jackson. Bloomberg Business, 28 June 2015〕〔( A year in a word: Grexit ). By Ralph Atkins. ''Financial Times'', 23 December 2012〕〔(‚Grexit‘ - Wer hat’s erfunden )〕 〔(«SNB kann die Zinsen auf minus 5 Prozent senken» )〕 Proponents of the proposal argue that leaving the euro and reintroducing the drachma would dramatically boost exports and tourism and encourage the local economy while discouraging expensive imports. Opponents argue that the proposal would impose excessive hardship on the Greek people, cause civil unrest, destabilize and harm the reputation of the eurozone, and could cause Greece to align more with non-EU states.
On 27 January 2015, two days after an early election of the Greek parliament, Alexis Tsipras, leader of the new Syriza ("Coalition of the Radical Left") party, formed a new government. He appointed Yanis Varoufakis as Minister of Finance, a particularly important post in view of the government debt crisis. Since then, the chance of a Grexit or even a 'Graccident' (accidental Grexit) in the near future has been widely discussed.〔lefigaro.fr 18. February 2015: (À quoi ressemblerait la sortie de l'euro de la Grèce )〕〔sueddeutsche.de 4. March 2015: (Tsipras will die Machtprobe – und wird sie verlieren. - Die Grundregel der Finanzmarkt-Kommunikation in Krisenzeiten lautet: Klappe halten. Doch Athen tut alles, um seine hilfsbereiten Euro-Partner zu verprellen. Der Austritt Griechenlands aus der Währungsunion steht bevor. )〕〔Deutsche Welle: («Ο Βαρουφάκης πρέπει να παρουσιάσει έργο» )〕〔spiegel.de 7. März 2015: (Interview mit Alexis Tsipras ) Zitat: SPIEGEL: ''Many experts now fear a "Graccident"—Greece's accidental exit from the euro. If the ECB doesn't agree to your T-Bills, that's exactly what might happen.''
Tspiras: ''I cannot imagine that. People won't risk Europe's disintegration over a T-Bill of almost €1.6 billion.''〕
After the announcement of the bailout referendum on 27 June 2015 speculation rose. That day BBC News reported that "default appears inevitable", though it later removed the online statement. On 29 June 2015 it was announced that Greek banks would remain closed all week, cash withdrawals from banks would be limited to €60 per day, and international money transfers would be limited to urgent pre-approved commercial transfers.
== Background ==
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