Greek ironclad Hydra
| Greek ironclad Hydra ： ウィキペディア英語版|
''Hydra'' ((ギリシア語:Ὕδρα)) was an ironclad warship of the Greek Navy, named for Hydra, one of the Saronic Gulf islands which played a key role in the war at sea during the Greek War of Independence. The lead ship of her class of ironclads, she was ordered in 1885 in response to a crisis in the Balkans and Ottoman naval expansion. The ship was launched in 1889 and delivered to Greece by 1892. She was armed with a main battery of three guns and five guns, and had a top speed of .
''Hydra'' and her sisters saw heavy service with the Greek Navy. They participated in the Greco–Turkish War in 1897 until the Great Powers intervened and prevented the Greek Navy from capitalizing on their superiority over the Ottoman Navy. ''Hydra'' saw action in the First Balkan War at the Naval Battle of Elli and was present at the Naval Battle of Lemnos, but was too slow to actively engage the Ottoman forces. She did not see action during World War I, and was reduced to a gunnery training ship after the end of the war. She was ultimately broken up for scrap in 1929.
(詳細はAteliers et Chantiers de la Loire'' shipyard in St. Nazaire, France during the premiership of Charilaos Trikoupis. The ship, named for the island of Hydra, was launched in 1889, and by 1892, she and her sister-ships ''Spetsai'' and ''Psara'' were delivered to the Greek fleet.〔Brassey, p. 25〕〔Gardiner, p. 387〕〔''The Chinese Times'', p. 488〕 The ship was long between perpendiculars and had a beam of and a mean draft of . She displaced as built. She was powered by a pair of steam engines of unknown type; they were rated at and provided a top speed of . Coal storage amounted to .〔
''Hydra''s main battery consisted of three guns. Two guns were mounted forward in barbettes on either side of the forward superstructure; these were L/34 guns. The third gun, a L/28 gun, was placed in a turret aft. The secondary battery consisted of four L/36 guns in casemates were mounted below the forward main battery, and a fifth 5.9-inch gun was placed on the centerline on the same deck as the main battery. A number of smaller guns were carried for defense against torpedo boats. These included four L/22 guns, four 3-pounder guns, four 1-pounder guns, and six 1-pounder revolver cannons. The ship was also armed with three torpedo tubes. The ship was armored with a mix of Creusot and compound steel. The main belt was thick and the main battery was protected by up to of armor.〔
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