| GCM Resources ： ウィキペディア英語版|
GCM Resources plc (), formerly Asia Energy and Global Coal Management, is a mining company quoted in the London Alternative Investment Market. Its major asset and goal is to exploit open cast coal mining opportunities in the Phulbari region of Dinajpur District, Bangladesh.
Asia Energy was incorporated in London in September 2003 and acquired 100% of Asia Energy Corporation Pty Ltd, which held the licences to explore and mine the Phulbari Coal Project in the Dinajpur district of Bangladesh.
Asia Energy Corporation Pty Ltd entered the coal mining scenario in 1998 by buying the mining contract originally awarded to the international coal giant, BHP, on August 20, 1994.〔("Agreement with Asia Energy – Option open for govt to make pro-people deal" ), ''Bangladesh News'', 28 August 2006, accessed 25 March 2013〕 BHP Billiton Mitsubishi Alliance (BMA) is Australia's largest coal producer and a leader in the international coal industry.〔(), BMA Coal〕 BHP claims it sold its rights for strip mining at Phulbari because the coal is deeper than 130 meters (it is at 151 meters depth).
Asia Energy must pay Deepgreen Minerals Corporation $1 per tonne of ore sold.〔()("Asia Energy Prospectus" ), Asia Energy〕 Deepgreen ceased to be listed when it merged with Cambrian Mining in 2004.〔(), Delisted.com〕
Opponents in Bangladesh and an alliance of groups in London have protested the plans for open-pit mining in the Phulbari region, because of adverse environmental and social effects. They estimate 120,000 people may be displaced, including the local Shantal indigenous group. Protesters have said such a mine would endanger an important food-producing region, as well as the quality of the water supply depended on by tens of thousands of people. There were major protests in Bangladesh in 2006, with an estimated total of 70,000 people involved over weeks.〔
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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