Forest Hills is an affluent neighborhood located in the New York City borough of Queens.〔http://www.nyc.gov/html/dcp/pdf/census/census2010/t_pl_p1_nta.pdf〕 Originally, the area was referred to as "Whitepot".〔(About Forest Hills ) at QueensNewYork.com〕 Forest Hills is bounded by 62nd Drive, Thornton Place, and Selfridge Street to the west, Metropolitan Avenue to the south, Union Turnpike to the east, and the Grand Central Parkway to the north. Forest Hills Gardens, a place within Forest Hills with many Tudor-style houses, is bounded by Burns Street to the north, Union Turnpike to the east, Greenway South and Harrow Street to the west, and Tennis Place and Continental Ave to the west. Forest Hills and Forest Hills Gardens contains Station Square, shown in the picture at right.
The development of adjacent Forest Park, a park on the southern end of Forest Hills, began in 1895. Starting in 1896, the landscaping firm of Olmsted, Olmsted & Eliot was contracted to provide a plan for the park.〔Kenneth T. Jackson: ''The Encyclopedia of New York City'': New-York Historical Society; Yale University Press; 1995.〕
In 1906, Brooklyn attorney Cord Meyer bought abutting land made up of six farms (those of Ascan Bakus, Casper Joost-Springsteen, Horatio N. Squire, Abram V. S. Lott, Sarah V. Bolmer, and James Van Siclen) and then renamed the aggregated 600 acres Forest Hills. There is a street named after Ascan Bakus, Ascan Avenue, in Forest Hills today. In 1909, Margaret Sage, who founded the Russell Sage Foundation, bought of land from the Cord Meyer Development Company. The stated plan was to build good low-income housing and improve living conditions of the working poor, but the resulting huge property values made this claim totally impractical. Grosvenor Atterbury, a renowned architect, was given the commission to design Forest Hills Gardens. The neighborhood was planned on the model of the garden communities of England. As a result, there are many Tudor-style homes in Forest Hills, some more sprawling ones located in Forest Hills Gardens while most are located in the Cord-Meyer section (loosely bounded by 68th Avenue on the north; 72nd Road on the south; 108th Street on the west; and Grand Central Parkway on the east).〔
* (The Garden City Movement )
* (A Garden City For The Man Of Moderate Means )
* (Suburban Land Development Practices ), accessed December 23, 2006
〕 The construction of this area used a prefabricated building technique; each house was built from approximately 170 standardized precast concrete panels, fabricated off-site and positioned by crane.〔Christopher Gray ("Designing for High and Low" ), "The New York Times", October 22, 2009. Accessed August 7, 2012.〕 In 1913, the West Side Tennis Club moved from Manhattan to Forest Hills Gardens. The U.S. Open and its predecessor national championships were held there until 1978, making Forest Hills synonymous with tennis for generations.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
■ウィキペディアで「Forest Hills, Queens」の詳細全文を読む