First Punic War
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The First Punic War (264 to 241 BC) was the first of three wars fought between Ancient Carthage and the Roman Republic. For more than 20 years, the two powers struggled for supremacy, primarily on the Mediterranean island of Sicily and its surrounding waters, and also in North Africa. The war signaled the beginning of a strategic transformation in the western Mediterranean.〔https://archive.org/stream/EB1911WMF/VOL22_POLL-REEVES_djvu.txt|Encyclopedia Britannica. 1911. "Rome." vol 23 p634.〕 Carthage began the war as the great sea-power of the western Mediterranean, while Rome had but a small fleet of fighting ships.〔https://archive.org/stream/EB1911WMF/VOL22_POLL-REEVES_djvu.txt|Encyclopedia Britannica. 1911. "Punic Wars." vol 22 p649.〕 Over the course of the war, Rome built up a powerful navy, developed new naval tactics, and strategically used their navy, army, and local political alliances on Sicily in order to achieve a victory that expelled the Carthaginians from Sicily.〔 The First Punic War ended with a treaty between Rome and Carthage, but years of bloodshed were to follow in the Second and Third Punic Wars before the strategic issue of power in the western Mediterranean was resolved in favor of Rome, and in the total destruction of Carthage.〔
The Romans called the series of wars between Rome and Carthage "Punic" because a Latin name for the Carthaginians was ''Punici''. This is derived from ''Phoenici''s (Phoenicians), and it refers to the Carthaginian heritage as Phoenician colonists.〔.〕 A Carthaginian name(s) for the conflicts does not survive in any records.
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