The ''Federal Register'', abbreviated FR or sometimes Fed. Reg., is the official journal of the federal government of the United States that contains government agency rules, proposed rules, and public notices. It is published daily, except on federal holidays. The final rules promulgated by a federal agency and published in the ''Federal Register'' are ultimately reorganized by topic or subject matter and codified in the ''Code of Federal Regulations'' (CFR), which is updated annually.
The ''Federal Register'' is compiled by the Office of the Federal Register (within the National Archives and Records Administration) and is printed by the Government Printing Office. There are no copyright restrictions on the ''Federal Register''; as a work of the U.S. government, it is in the public domain.〔; "Any person may reproduce or republish, without restriction, any material appearing in any regular or special edition of the Federal Register."〕 Citations from the ''Federal Register'' are () FR (number ) (()), ''e.g.'', 65 FR 741 (Jan. 6, 2000).
In essence, the ''Federal Register'' is a way for the government to announce changes to government requirements, policies and guidance to the public. The notice and comment process, as outlined in the Administrative Procedure Act, gives the people a chance to participate in agency rulemaking. Publication of documents in the ''Federal Register'' also constitutes constructive notice, and its contents are judicially noticed.
The ''Federal Register'' is the main source for the U.S. federal government agencies':
* Proposed new rules and regulations
* Final rules
* Changes to existing rules
* Notices of meetings and adjudicatory proceedings
* Presidential documents including Executive orders, proclamations and administrative orders.
Both proposed and final rules are published in the Federal Register. A Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (or "NPRM") typically requests public comment on a proposed rule, and provides notice of any public meetings where a proposed rule will be discussed. The public comments are considered by the issuing government agency, and the text of a final rule along with a discussion of the comments is published in the ''Federal Register''. Any agency proposing a rule in the ''Federal Register'' must provide contact information for people and organizations interested in making comments to the agencies and the agencies are required to address these concerns when it publishes its final rule on the subject.
The ''United States Government Manual'' is published as a special edition of the Federal Register. Its focus is on programs and activities.
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