Federal Employees' Compensation Act
| Federal Employees' Compensation Act ： ウィキペディア英語版|
The Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA), is a United States federal law, enacted on September 7, 1916.〔(【引用サイトリンク】publisher=U.S. Department of Labor )〕〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Kern–McGillicuddy Act (See Federal Employees' Compensation Act (1916)) )〕〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=The Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA) )〕 Sponsored by Sen. John W. Kern (D) of Indiana and Rep. Daniel J. McGillicuddy (D) of Maine, it established compensation to federal civil service employees for wages lost due to job-related injuries.〔〔 This act became the precedent for "disability insurance" across the country and the precursor to broad-coverage health insurance.
President Woodrow Wilson signed H.R. 15316 into law on September 7, 1916.
The Federal Employees' Compensation Commission was the original administrator of the FECA. However, the Commission did not exist at the time the FECA went into effect and claims accumulated for more than six months while members were selected and sworn into office. The Federal Employees' Compensation Commission officially began its duties on March 14, 1917. The Commission was abolished on May 16, 1946 by President Harry S. Truman as part of the Reorganization Act of 1939. Its duties were transferred to the Federal Security Agency on July 16, 1946.
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