The Far East is an alternate geographical term in English (with equivalents in many other languages – see the infobox on the right for examples), that usually refers to East Asia (including Northeast Asia), the Russian Far East (part of North Asia), and Southeast Asia.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Oxford Dictionaries - Dictionary, Thesaurus, & Grammar )〕 South Asia is sometimes also included for economic and cultural reasons.〔(The 'Far Eastern Economic Review' for example covers news from India and Sri Lanka. )〕
Since the 1960s, East Asia has become the most common term for the region in international mass media outlets.〔〔Reischauer, Edwin and John K Fairbank, ''East Asia: The Great Tradition,'' 1960.〕 Far East is often deprecated as archaic, offensive, and sometimes even racist. In 2010, ''The Economist'' commented:
Remember... the Far East? If so, speak softly. Labels are handy ways of sorting out countries by history or geography. But lazily conceived and out-of-date ones are offensive and misleading.... The "Far East", as East Asia used to be called, is indeed far away from Europe but quite nearby for people who live there.In other words, "Far East" is inherently Eurocentric because it is part of a geographical paradigms in which even Western Asia is the "Near East" or "Middle East". Until the end of the 20th century, it could be argued that Europe was the "center of gravity" of the global economy, although even that is no longer true.〔http://www.economist.com/blogs/graphicdetail/2012/06/daily-chart-19〕
The term Far East came into use in European geopolitical discourse in the 12th century, denoting the Far East as the "farthest" of the three "easts", beyond the Near East and the Middle East. For the same reason, Chinese people in the 19th and early 20th centuries called Western countries "Tàixī ()"—i.e. anything further west than the Arab world.
== Popularization ==
Prior to the colonial era, "Far East" referred to anything further east than the Middle East. In the 16th century, King John III of Portugal called India a "rich and interesting country in the Far East (''Extremo Oriente'')." The term was popularized during the period of the British Empire as a blanket term for lands to the east of British India.
In pre-World War I European geopolitics, the ''Near East'' referred to the relatively nearby lands of the Ottoman Empire, the ''Middle East'' denoted northwestern South Asia and Central Asia, and the ''Far East'' meant countries along the western Pacific Ocean and eastern Indian Ocean. Many European languages have analogous terms, such as the French (''Extrême-Orient''), Spanish (''Extremo Oriente''), Portuguese (''Extremo Oriente''), German (''Ferner Osten''), Italian (''Estremo Oriente''), Polish (''Daleki Wschód''), Norwegian (''Det fjerne Østen'') and Dutch (''Verre Oosten'').
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
| 翻訳と辞書 : 翻訳のためのインターネットリソース|
Copyright(C) kotoba.ne.jp 1997-2016. All Rights Reserved.