European Figure Skating Championships
| European Figure Skating Championships ： ウィキペディア英語版|
The European Figure Skating Championships (''"Europeans"'') is an annual figure skating competition in which figure skaters compete for the title of European champion. The event is sanctioned by the International Skating Union (ISU), and is the oldest of the four annual figure skating competitions designated "ISU Championships" (the others are the World, Four Continents, and World Junior Championships). Medals are awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, and ice dancing. The competition is generally held in January.
The men's singles European championship first took place in Hamburg in 1891, while the ladies' singles and pair skating European championships started in Vienna in 1930. The ice dancing championship was held for the first time in Bolzano in 1954.
The skating association of Germany and Austria, joined in one club "Deutscher und Österrreichischer Eislaufverband," organised the first European Championships in figure skating as well as in speed skating in Hamburg, German Empire in 1891 even before the International Skating Union (ISU) was found. The ISU decided in 1892 to continue to hold European Championships in figure skating each year. In 1895 it was decided to hold World Championships instead of Europeans. Therefore, the Europeans were discontinued until 1898.
Until 1948, skaters representing any ISU member could enter the European Championships. After Canadian Barbara Ann Scott and American Dick Button won the singles titles that year, whilst the best Europeans Eva Pawlik of Austria and Hans Gerschwiler of Switzerland were awarded the European silver medals, entries were restricted to skaters representing European countries. At the time, the North American Figure Skating Championships existed as a North Americans-only senior-level competition. This competition was contested for the last time in 1971. The Four Continents Figure Skating Championships was established by the ISU in 1999 as the equivalent competition for skaters from non-European countries.
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