Erin is a Hiberno-English derivative of the Irish word ''"Éirinn"''. "Éirinn" is the dative case of the Irish word for Ireland - "Éire", genitive "Éireann", the dative being used in prepositional phrases such as ''"go hÉirinn"'' "to Ireland", ''"in Éirinn"'' "in Ireland", ''"ó Éirinn''" "FROM IRELAND". The dative has replaced the nominative in a few regional Irish dialects (particularly Galway-Connamara and Waterford).〔(Behind the Name: Meaning, Origin and History of the Name Erin )〕 Poets and nineteenth-century Irish nationalists used ''Erin'' in English as a romantic name for Ireland.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Irish Melodies )〕 Often, "Erin's Isle" was used. In this context, along with Hibernia, Erin is the name given to the female personification of Ireland, but the name was rarely used as a given name, probably because no saints, queens, or literary figures were ever called Erin.〔 〕
According to Irish mythology and folklore, the name was originally given to the island by the Milesians after the goddess ''Ériu''.
Erin go bragh ("Éire go brách" in standard orthography, dative "in Éirinn go brách" "in Ireland for ever"), a slogan dating from the 1798 revolution, is often translated as "Ireland forever". The etymology of the word as it drifted throughout the Gaelic region gave rise to its use by the early Scots to both mean Ireland and "west" - as Ireland lies to the west of Scotland.〔''The Book of Irvings'' (1907) by John Beaufin Irving〕
==Usage as a given or family name==
As a given name, Erin is used for both sexes, although, given its origins, it is principally used as a feminine forename. It first became a popular given name in the United States.〔 Its US popularity for males peaked in 1974 with 321 boys registered with the name.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=US Popularity for “Erin” by Year )〕 ''Erin'' is also a name for Ireland in Welsh, and is one of the 20 most popular girls' names in Wales.〔(Welsh names for children )〕
As a family name, Erin has been used as one of the many spellings of the name of the Scottish clan "Irwin" - which was involved in the Scottish Plantations of Ireland.〔(Clan Irwin Association )〕 However, that name was originally derived from the place of the same name near Dumfries, and means "green water", from Brittonic ''ir afon''.〔(Scottish Surname Meanings & History )〕〔(Behind the Name: Search Results )〕
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