|population = c. 75–100 million worldwide
|popplace = 37.6 million in and 〔The (2011 England and Wales census ) reports that in England and Wales 32.4 million people associated themselves with an English identity alone and 37.6 million identified themselves with an English identity either on its own or combined with other identities, being 57.7% and 67.1% respectively of the population of England and Wales.〕
|pop1 = 25 – 50 million
|ref1 =〔(2010 ACS Ancestry estimates )〕〔(US Census 1980 )〕
|pop3 = 7.2 million
|ref3 = 〔(Ancestry) The (2011 Australian Census ) reports 7,238,500 people of English ''ancestry''.〕
|pop4 = 6.6 million
|ref4 = 〔(Ethnic origin) The (2006 Canadian Census ) gives 1,367,125 respondents stating their ''ethnic origin'' as English as a single response, and 5,202,890 including multiple responses, giving a combined total of 6,570,015.〕
|pop5 = 44,000–282,000
|ref5 = 〔(Ethnic origin) The (2006 New Zealand census ) reports 44,202 people (based on pre-assigned ethnic categories) stating they belong to the English ethnic group. The 1996 census (used a different question ) to both the 1991 and the 2001 censuses, which had ''"a tendency for respondents to answer the 1996 question on the basis of ancestry (or descent) rather than 'ethnicity' (or cultural affiliation)"'' and reported 281,895 people with English origins; See also the figures for 'New Zealand European'.〕
|languages = English
|religions = Traditionally Anglicanism, but also non-conformists and dissenters (see History of the Church of England), as well as other Protestants; also Roman Catholics (see Catholic Emancipation); other faiths (see Religion in England).
|footnotes = English American, English Australian, English Canadian
The English are a nation and ethnic group native to England, who speak the English language. The English identity is of early mediaeval origin, when they were known in Old English as the ''Angelcynn'' ("family of the Angles"). England is one of the countries of the United Kingdom and English people in England are British citizens. Their ethnonym is derived from the Angles, one of the Germanic peoples who migrated to Great Britain around the 5th century AD.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Online Etymology Dictionary )〕
Historically, the English population is descended from several peoples — the earlier Britons (or Brythons) and the Germanic tribes that settled in Britain following the withdrawal of the Romans, including Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisians. Collectively known as the Anglo-Saxons, they founded what was to become England (from the Old English ''Englaland'') along with the later Danes, Normans and other groups. In the Acts of Union 1707, the Kingdom of England was succeeded by the Kingdom of Great Britain.〔(【引用サイトリンク】publisher=parliament.uk )〕 Over the years, English customs and identity have become fairly closely aligned with British customs and identity in general.
Today many English people have recent forebears from other parts of the United Kingdom, while some are also descended from more recent immigrants from other European countries and from the Commonwealth.
The English people are the source of the English language, the Westminster system, the common law system and numerous major sports such as football, rugby and tennis.〔(The fa 1863-2013. )〕 These and other English cultural characteristics have spread worldwide, in part as a result of the former British Empire.
Although England has not for centuries been an independent nation state, but rather a constituent country within the United Kingdom, the English may still be regarded as a "nation" according to the ''Oxford English Dictionarys definition: a group united by factors that include "language, culture, history or occupation of the same territory".〔"Nation", sense 1. ''The Oxford English Dictionary'', 2nd edtn., 1989'.〕
The concept of an "English nation" is far older than that of the "British nation", and the 1990s witnessed a revival in English self-consciousness. This is linked to the expressions of national self-awareness of the other British nations of Wales and Scotland – which take their most solid form in the new devolved political arrangements within the United Kingdom – and the waning of a shared British national identity with the growing distance between the end of the British Empire and the present.〔(English nationalism 'threat to UK' ), BBC, Sunday, 9 January 2000〕〔(The English question Handle with care ), the Economist 1 November 2007〕
Many recent immigrants to England have assumed a solely British identity, while others have developed dual or mixed identities.〔"Ethnic minorities feel strong sense of identity with Britain, report reveals" Maxine Frith ''The Independent'' 8 January 2004. (); Hussain, Asifa and Millar, William Lockley (2006) ''Multicultural Nationalism'' Oxford University Press p149-150 (); "Asian recruits boost England fan army" by Dennis Campbell, ''The Guardian'' 18 June 2006. (); "National Identity and Community in England" (2006) ''Institute of Governance'' Briefing No.7. ()〕 Use of the word "English" to describe Britons from ethnic minorities in England is complicated by most non-white people in England identifying as British rather than English. In their 2004 Annual Population Survey, the Office for National Statistics compared the ''ethnic'' identities of British people with their perceived ''national'' identity. They found that while 58% of white people in England described their nationality as "English", the vast majority of non-white people called themselves "British".〔"78 per cent of Bangladeshis said they were British, while only 5 per cent said they were English, Scottish or Welsh", and the largest percentage of non-whites to identify as English were the people who described their ethnicity as "Mixed" (37%).('Identity', ''National Statistics'', 21 February 2006 )〕
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』