The England cricket team〔http://icc-cricket.yahoo.net/the-icc/icc_members/profile.php?countryCode=ICC_FULL_MEMBERS_ENGLAND〕 is the team that represents England and Wales (and until 1992 also Scotland) in international cricket. Since 1 January 1997 it has been governed by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB), having been previously governed by Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) from 1903 until the end of 1996.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=MCC History )〕
England and Australia were the first teams to play a Test match (between 15–19 March 1877), and these two countries together with South Africa formed the Imperial Cricket Conference (predecessor to today's International Cricket Council) on 15 June 1909. England and Australia also played the first One Day International (ODI) on 5 January 1971. England's first Twenty20 International (T20I) was played on 13 June 2005, once more against Australia.
As of 5 November 2015, England has played 965 Test matches, winning 344 and losing 281 (with 340 draws). The team has won The Ashes on 32 occasions, the same number as their opponents Australia.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Records / England / Test matches / Result summary )〕 The team has played 659 ODIs, winning 317,〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Records / England / One-Day Internationals / Result summary )〕 and its record in ODI tournaments includes finishing as runners-up in three Cricket World Cups (1979, 1987 and 1992), and two ICC Champions Trophys (2004 and 2013). Finally, the team has played 78 T20Is, winning 38,〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Records / England / Twenty20 Internationals / Result summary )〕 and won the ICC World Twenty20 in 2010.
England is currently ranked fifth in Tests, sixth in ODIs and fourth in T20Is by the ICC.〔
== History ==
The first recorded incidence of a team with a claim to represent England comes from 9 July 1739 when an "All-England" team, which consisted of 11 gentlemen from any part of England exclusive of Kent, played against "the Unconquerable County" of Kent and lost by a margin of "very few notches".〔Waghorn, pp.22–23.〕 Such matches were repeated on numerous occasions for the best part of a century.
In 1846 William Clarke formed the All-England Eleven. This team would eventually compete against a United All-England Eleven with annual matches occurring between 1847 to 1856. These matches were arguably the most important contest of the English season, if judged by the quality of the players.
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