The National Emblem of the People's Republic of China () contains in a red circle a representation of Tiananmen Gate, the entrance gate to the Forbidden City, where Mao declared the foundation of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949. Above this representation are the five stars found on the national flag. The largest star represents the Communist Party of China, while the four smaller stars represent the four social classes as defined in Maoism. The emblem is described as being "composed of patterns of the national flag":〔(Description of the National Emblem from Chinese Government web portal. )〕
The outer border of the red circle shows sheaves of wheat and the inner sheaves of rice, which together represent agricultural workers. At the center of the bottom portion of the border is a cog-wheel that represents industrial workers.
According to ''The Description of the National Emblem of the People's Republic of China'' (), these elements taken together symbolise the revolutionary struggles of the Chinese people since the May Fourth Movement and the coalition of the proletariat which succeeded in founding the People's Republic of China.
== History ==
In 1949 the government held a competition for the design of the national emblem. There were two finalists. One group was from the China Central Academy of Fine Arts: Zhang Ding, Zhang Guangyu, Zhou Lingzhao, Zhong Ling, and the other group was from the Department of Architecture at Tsinghua University: Liang Sicheng, Lin Huiyin, Mo Zongjiang, Zhu Changzhong, Li Zongjin and Gao Zhuang. The design selected for the emblem was mainly based on Zhang Ding's proposal. The design proposed by Lin Huiyin, a jade disc with a large star in the center, was finally rejected.〔(徐志摩诗文网 )〕
Zhang's design was selected on June 10, 1950.〔(到底是谁设计了国徽，新华网 )〕 Two groups then worked in a second round on designing the details of the emblem. The group of Liang Sicheng and Lin Huiyin standardized the design of the Tian'anmen Gate on the emblem and selected red and yellow as the main colors.〔(正投影 国徽设计中亮丽的一笔 )〕 Their draft was selected and the design was standardized and simplified by Gao Zhuang.〔(高庄：命运多舛的国徽浮雕定型设计者 )〕 This design was officially made the national emblem on 20 September 1950 by the Central People's Government.
File:PRC Emblem Draft Lin Huiyin.jpg|Tsinghua University proposal
October 30, 1949
File:Draft Zhangding.jpg|China Central Academy of Fine Arts proposal
June 15, 1950
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
■ウィキペディアで「National Emblem of the People's Republic of China」の詳細全文を読む