| Eastern Europe ： ウィキペディア英語版|
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent. There is no consensus as to the precise area it refers to, partly because the term has a wide range of geopolitical, geographical, cultural, and socioeconomic connotations. There are "almost as many definitions of Eastern Europe as there are scholars of the region".〔("The Balkans" ), ''Global Perspectives: A Remote Sensing and World Issues Site''. Wheeling Jesuit University/Center for Educational Technologies, 1999–2002.〕 A related United Nations paper adds that "every assessment of spatial identities is essentially a social and cultural construct".〔(A Subdivision of Europe into Larger Regions by Cultural Criteria prepared by Peter Jordan, the framework of the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names (StAGN), Vienna, Austria, 2006 )〕
One definition describes Eastern Europe as a cultural (and econo-cultural) entity: the region lying in Europe with main characteristics consisting in Byzantine, Orthodox, and some Turco-Islamic influences.〔〔This definition is fulfilled by Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Montenegro, Kosovo, Greece, Turkey, Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan.〕 Another definition was created during the Cold War and used more or less synonymously with the term ''Eastern Bloc''. A similar definition names the formerly communist European states outside the Soviet Union as Eastern Europe.〔 Historians and social scientists increasingly view such definitions as outdated or relegating,〔"The geopolitical conditions (...) are now a thing of the past, and some specialists today think that Eastern Europe has outlived its usefulness as a phrase."〕〔(The Economist: Eastern Europe a bogus term – South Eastern Europe – The Sofia Echo )〕〔"One very common, but now outdated, definition of Eastern Europe was the Soviet-dominated communist countries of Europe."http://www.cotf.edu/earthinfo/balkans/BKdef.html〕〔"Too much writing on the region has – consciously or unconsciously – clung to an outdated image of 'Eastern Europe', desperately trying to patch together political and social developments from Budapest to Bukhara or Tallinn to Tashkent without acknowledging that this Cold War frame of reference is coming apart at the seams. (Central Europe Review: Re-Viewing Central Europe By Sean Hanley, Kazi Stastna and Andrew Stroehlein, 1999 )〕 but they are still heard in everyday speech and used for statistical purposes.〔(). Eurovoc.europa.eu. Retrieved on 2015-03-04.〕〔(United Nations Statistics Division- Standard Country and Area Codes Classifications (M49) )〕〔(Population Division, DESA, United Nations: World Population Ageing 1950-2050 )〕
Several definitions of Eastern Europe exist today, but they often lack precision or are extremely general. These definitions vary both across cultures and among experts, even political scientists, recently becoming more and more imprecise.〔''Drake, Miriam A. (2005) Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science'', CRC Press〕
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
| 翻訳と辞書 : 翻訳のためのインターネットリソース|
Copyright(C) kotoba.ne.jp 1997-2016. All Rights Reserved.