| Doctor Robotnik ： ウィキペディア英語版|
〔Sega (1999). ''Sonic Adventure'' instruction manual, p. 31〕 is a video game character and the main antagonist of the ''Sonic the Hedgehog'' series created by Sega. He is a rotund mad scientist with an IQ of 300, who plans to conquer the world in order to build his own Eggman Empire, and is the archenemy of Sonic the Hedgehog. His original character designer was Naoto Ohshima, and while he has gone through several major and minor appearance changes throughout the series, his in-game designs retain several basic characteristics, such as his egg-shaped body, red-black-yellow clothing, pince-nez sunglasses, and large mustache.
Eggman has appeared in almost every ''Sonic the Hedgehog'' video game since his first appearance in the 1991 title ''Sonic the Hedgehog'', and is also a prominent character in other Sonic media, including comics, novels, animated TV series and an original video animation.
==Concept and inspiration==
In April 1990, Sega commissioned its AM8 R&D department to create a character who would replace Alex Kidd as the company's mascot, as well as compete against Nintendo's flagship character, Mario. The idea of an egg-shaped character became the basis of the visual design for Eggman. In creating the "bad guy" for the ''Sonic'' series, the development team wanted a character who was "the opposite of Sonic;" a character who represented "machinery" and "development" to play on the then-growing debate between developers and environmentalists. The character was also designed to be easy for children to draw.〔
The English instruction manual for his debut game ''Sonic the Hedgehog'' described the character's full name as "Doctor Ivo Robotnik",〔Sega (1990). ''Sonic the Hedgehog'' instruction manual (English version), p. 4〕 while the original Japanese version's instruction manual for the same game called him "Doctor Eggman". It wasn't until 1999's ''Sonic Adventure'' that the character was called both "Eggman" and "Robotnik" in the English version,〔 with all following English releases to date referring to him as "Doctor Eggman". Yuji Naka has explained that "Robotnik" is the character's true last name while "Eggman" is a nickname taken after his shape.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=''Yuki Naka on Sonic's Past, Present, and Future'' part 2 )〕 Since then, Sega of America has listed his identity as Doctor Ivo "Eggman" Robotnik at least once,〔''Sega Genesis / Mega Drive Collection'' for PSP, Sonic The Hedgehog (1) in-game manual.〕 and has recognized both the first name Ivo and the last name Robotnik as recently as 2011 in the videogames and 2015 in social media.〔''Sonic the Hedgehog CD'' (multi-platform) 2011 Release, in-game profile〕 Despite that, Sega of Japan does not acknowledge an official complete name; the Japanese Sonic Channel lists his full name as unknown,〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=''Sonic Channel Character Profiles - Dr. Eggman'' )〕 and his in-game profile in ''Sonic the Hedgehog 4: Episode II'' lists his real name as a mystery.〔''Sonic the Hedgehog 4: Episode II'' (multi-platform), in-game profile〕
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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