| Description of Greece ： ウィキペディア英語版|
Pausanias (; ''Pausanías''; c. AD 110 – c. 180)〔Historical and Ethnological Society of Greece, Aristéa Papanicolaou Christensen, ''The Panathenaic Stadium – Its History Over the Centuries'' (2003), p. 162〕 was a Greek traveler and geographer of the 2nd century AD, who lived in the times of Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius. He is famous for his ''Description of Greece'' ( ''Hellados Periegesis'')〔Also known in Latin as ''Graecae descriptio''; see Pereira, Maria Helena Rocha (ed.), (''Graecae descriptio'' ), B. G. Teubner, 1829.〕 a lengthy work that describes ancient Greece from firsthand observations, and is a crucial link between classical literature and modern archaeology. This is how Andrew Stewart assesses him:〔''One Hundred Greek Sculptors: Their Careers and Extant Works'', introduction.〕
A careful, pedestrian writer, he is interested not only in the grandiose or the exquisite but in unusual sights and obscure ritual. He is occasionally careless, or makes unwarranted inferences, and his guides or even his own notes sometimes mislead him; yet his honesty is unquestionable, and his value without par.
== Biography ==
Pausanias was born in 110 AD into a Greek family and was probably a native of Lydia; he was certainly familiar with the western coast of Asia Minor, but his travels extended far beyond the limits of Ionia. Before visiting Greece, he had been to Antioch, Joppa and Jerusalem, and to the banks of the River Jordan. In Egypt, he had seen the pyramids, while at the temple of Ammon, he had been shown the hymn once sent to that shrine by Pindar. In Macedonia, he appears to have seen the alleged tomb of Orpheus in Libethra.〔(Pausanias, ''Description of Greece'': Boeotia, 9.30.7 ): "Going from Dium along the road to the mountain, and advancing twenty stades, you come to a pillar on the right surmounted by a stone urn, which according to the natives contains the bones of Orpheus."〕 Crossing over to Italy, he had seen something of the cities of Campania and of the wonders of Rome. He was one of the first to write of seeing the ruins of Troy, Alexandria Troas, and Mycenae.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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