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Cosmic Psychos : ウィキペディア英語版
Cosmic Psychos

Cosmic Psychos are an Australian punk rock band which formed in 1977 as Spring Plains. Founding members included Ross Knight on guitar and vocals; Robbie Addington on guitar and vocals; and Steve Morrow on vocals. Australian rock music historian, Ian McFarlane, described their music as "arty kind of punk noise, somewhere between The Birthday Party and a more narcotic sounding Ramones". Late in 1984 Ross Knight the group was renamed as Cosmic Psychos. They issued their debut album, ''Down on the Farm'', in December 1985. McFarlane felt that with Knight the group used "equal parts Stooges riffs, Ramones tempos, lashings of wah wah guitar, American 1980s hardcore attitude and a healthy dose of yobbo humour. () played no-frills, stripped-down punk rock". Several albums have followed and were backed by national tours and international tours to Europe and North America including festivals with Mudhoney, Nirvana, L7, Helmet and Motörhead. In 1990 Jones was replaced by Robbie Watts on guitar and vocals. By 2005 Walsh was replaced by Dean Muller (Hoss, Chris Russell's Chicken Walk) on drums. On 1 July 2006 Watts died of a heart attack, aged 47, and the band continued with John McKeering (ex-The Onyas) joining.
Cosmic Psychos developed from Spring Plains which formed in 1982 in Melbourne with a line-up of Peter Jones on guitar and vocals; Steve Morrow on lead vocals; Neal Turton-Lane on bass guitar; and Bill Walsh on drums and vocals.〔McFarlane, ('Cosmic Psychos' ) entry. Archived from (the original ) on 15 June 2004. Retrieved 4 March 2013.〕 According to Australian rock music historian, Ian McFarlane, their music was "arty kind of punk noise, somewhere between The Birthday Party and a more narcotic sounding Ramones".〔 In 1984 the group recorded a track, "American Hymn", for a various artists compilation, ''Asleep at the Wheel''.〔 Late that year Morrow and Turton-Lane were replaced by Ross Knight (ex-Rancid Spam) on bass guitar and lead vocals.〔 They financed a self-released cassette which included "Custom Credit".
By early 1985 the group were performing as Cosmic Psychos, which McFarlane felt used "equal parts Stooges riffs, Ramones tempos, lashings of wah wah guitar, American 1980s hardcore attitude and a healthy dose of yobbo humour. () played no-frills, stripped-down punk rock".〔 In December 1985 they issued a five-track mini-LP, ''Down on the Farm'', on Mr Spaceman Records.〔 It included "Custom Credit" and was produced by Ross Giles (Depression). In October 1987 they issued a single, "Lead Me Astray", which was co-written by Walsh, Knight and Jones.〔(【引用サイトリンク】Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA) "> 'Lead Me Astray' at APRA search engine )〕 In December Mr Spaceman Records followed with the band's debut self-titled LP, which was produced by Rene Roth.〔 In June 1989 a performance at Melbourne's The Palace was recorded and issued in November 1990 as their first live album, ''Slave to the Crave''.〔〔 An early band manager was Neil Rogers (of The Bo-Weevils, and a 3RRR radio show host).
Cosmic Psychos signed to Survival Records and in December 1989 released, ''Go the Hack'',〔 which was produced by John Bee (Dynamic Hepnotics, Eurogliders). In 1990 the album was released on Sub Pop Records into North America.〔 Allmusic's Patrick Kennedy found it was "dirty, mean, simple, garagey punk rock & roll. Dr. Knighty's vocals and lyrics evince the rough-hewn stain of manual labor, tempered with a night out at the pub. In other words, this is a working man's rock band". A single, "Lost Cause", appeared with the album, with writing credits to Walsh, Knight and Jones.〔〔(【引用サイトリンク】Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA) "> 'Lost Cause' at APRA search engine )〕 Early in 1990 Jones left to join Enter the Vertex and Robbie "Rocket" Watts (ex-I Spit on Your Gravy, Quivering Quims) replaced him on guitar.〔
The group signed to Amphetamine Reptile Records for the American market for their 1991 album, ''Blokes You Can Trust''. Production duties were by Butch Vig,〔 fresh from completing Nirvana's ''Nevermind'', at his Smart Studios in Wisconsin.〔 ''Blokes You Can Trust'' provided two singles, "Dead Roo" (October 1991), which shed light on some Australian highway hazards; and "Back at School" (May 1992) which was a shared single with L7's "Shove".〔 In May 1993 the band released a six-track extended play, ''Palomino Pizza'', on the local Arschlock/Shagpile label, which was distributed by Shock Records.〔 It included cover versions of Lobby Loyde's "G.O.D.", Billy Thorpe & the Aztecs' "Most People I Know" and Buffalo's "Sunrise"; and three originals.〔
They followed with two studio albums on Arschlock/Shagpile distributed by Shock Records, ''Self Totalled'' (1995) and ''Oh What a Lovely Pie'' (August 1997), which appeared on Amphetamine in America.〔 For ''Self Totalled'' the band's members were given pseudonyms: "Fess Parker" on guitar, "Slapper Jackson" on bass guitar and lead vocals, and "Billy Arschlock" on drums and vocals; while their producer, Lindsay Gravina, was "Big Vinny" Gravina. Kennedy described the work as "()erhaps the band's most full-realized album, ''Self-Totaled'' doesn't deviate from the band's formula of hard driving rhythms, fuzzed out guitars, humorously sneering vocals, and true-to-the-bone working man's attitude. In fact, it builds on that formula: The melodies show better craftsmanship, the band is tighter, and the engineering is perfect". Associated singles were "Neighbours" (August 1994) and "Whip Me" (June 1966).
The band had appeared at the 1995 Big Day Out tour and returned for the 1997 tour. Gravina also produced ''Oh What a Lovely Pie''. Kennedy felt it was "the sound of a band at its creative end, trying, perhaps to keep a torch lit that would prefer to yield to the wind ... Not to say – even for a minute – that the band doesn't have its merits, or that this is a bad album ...but this one shows a once proud formula grown tired of its own reflection". Also that year United Kingdom band, The Prodigy, covered a version of L7's track, "Fuel My Fire", which itself was based on the Cosmic Psychos' tune, "Lost Cause".〔 "Fuel My Fire" is credited to D Sparks (L7), Walsh, Knight and Jones.〔(【引用サイトリンク】Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA) "> 'Fuel My Fire' at APRA search engine )〕
In 2001 the group issued a compilation album, ''15 Years, a Million Beers'', in both 2× CD and 2× LP formats on Dropkick Records. Also that year Knight was in a side-project, Dung, as "Standin Dung" on bass guitar and lead vocals; with Dean Muller (ex-Hoss) as "Kerry-Anne Dung" on drums; and Kieran Clancy as "Chairman Mao Tse Dung" on guitar and vocals. They released their debut album, ''Who Flung'', on Shock Records, which was produced by Gravina.〔 In 2006, Cosmic Psychos issued their first studio album for nine years, ''Off Ya Cruet'', on Sydney's Timberyard Records with Gravina producing. In late 2005 Walsh had been replaced by Knight's band mate from Dung, Muller (ex-Voodoo Lust).〔 The opening track on the album is "Kill Bill", a bitter song about Walsh;〔 which was written by Knight.〔(【引用サイトリンク】Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA) "> 'Kill Bill' at APRA search engine )〕 i94Bar's The Barman found that "there's a consistently focused edge in what the Psychos do that makes them sound more than a little wired and seriously unhinged. When Ross Knight sings about sending a former drummer to meet his maker ("Kill Bill") by severing his head, you just know he means it".〔
While on a tour promoting the album, Cosmic Psychos were in Bendigo for a gig, the following morning on 1 July 2006 Robbie "Rocket" Watts died in a friend's kitchen from a heroin overdose. The group decided to continue with John "Mad Macka" McKeering (The Onyas) on guitar.〔 The Barman noted that McKeering "has slotted in a treat on guitar, mining the same stylistic ground but retaining his own sound".〔 On 9 June 2007 they released their next studio album, ''Dung Australia'', with a cover of Buffalo's song "Skirtlifter". In July that year they released ''Off Ya Cruet!'' on the European label, Pitshark Records with a different digipak cover. On 13 December 2008, Pitshark issued ''Dung Australia'' with a bonus unreleased track, "Anarchy in Boondall".
In April 2011 Cosmic Psychos released a new studio album, ''Glorius Barsteds'', which appeared on Missing Link Records in a 2× CD format. ''Mess+Noise''s Patrick Emery felt "()hankfully, they're still on the same fuzz-laden straight-and-narrow road to the pub they've always been on ... The paradox of () simplistic formula is the astute social commentary that lies just beneath the rough-as-guts surface". In 2012 the band was the subject of a proposed biographical documentary, ''Cosmic Psychos: Blokes You Can Trust'', directed and produced by Matt Weston. The film includes interviews with Knight and Walsh; and fans of the band including Eddie Vedder (Pearl Jam), Butch Vig, Mudhoney and The Melvins. In November 2012 one of the band's last performances at The Tote – the venue was subsequently closed down – was filmed and is to be released with the documentary as a bonus disc. Madison Thomas reviewed the third performance at The Tote for Tone Deaf, "()he band plays relentlessly, barely stopping to catch their breath but making enough time for Knight to pound down a never ending supply of Pure Blonde sitting atop his amp ... Muller’s drums are viciously belted ... McKeering noodles away sludgily on 'Custom Credit' and battles on against foldback problems".

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