| Chinese tabloid ： ウィキペディア英語版|
Chinese tabloid refers to a newspaper format that became extremely popular in the People's Republic of China in the mid-1990s.〔International Communication Gazette. (October 2001) vol. 63 no. 5 435-450 (China's State-Run Tabloids ) Retrieved 20 Jul 2013〕 Like tabloids in the rest of the world, they focus on sensationalism and scandal, but some commentators argue that in the context of media in China this has the effect of challenging government limits on press censorship.〔Lee, Hsiao-wen Lee. (Tabloid Press Embed a new public in China ) Retrieved 20 Jul 2013〕 Others argue that although tabloids have inadvertently led to a fragmented and decentralized press structure that undermines core party organs, the Chinese regime has maintained a fundamental stronghold on public discourse through media market influence and political control.〔Zhao, Y. 2000 (From Commercialization to Conglomeration: The Transformation of the Chinese Press Within the Orbit of the Party State ) Journal of Communication, Spring 2000. USA International Communication Association.〕
The rise of the tabloid format is associated with withdrawal of governmental subsidies to newspapers in the late 1980s. Faced with the possibility of bankruptcy, many newspapers changed their formats to emphasize investigative reporting and bold editorial policies. Ironically, many of these newspapers are owned by units of the Communist Party of China; however this ownership has the odd effect of giving the newspapers the political cover to take a more critical line against the government.
The government will occasionally crack down in the tabloids by closing them and changing their staff, but the commercial pressures on the tabloids to gather readers and the fact that many enjoy considerable political protection makes the effectiveness of these actions limited.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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