Chinese submarine 361
| Chinese submarine 361 ： ウィキペディア英語版|
The submarine hull number No. 361 with name ''Great Wall #61'' (长城61号) is a Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy Type-035AIP (ES5E variant) (NATO reporting name Ming III) conventional diesel/electric submarine. It suffered an accident killing all on board in 2003 while at the Bohai Sea between North Korea and China's Shandong Province. 70 men were killed.
No. 361 was part of the 12th Brigade of the North Sea Fleet of the PLAN based at Lüshunkou (formerly Port Arthur) in Liaoning Province.
The Ming class of Chinese submarines are an adaptation of the diesel/electric Romeo class submarine built in the Soviet Union, which are based on the German Type XXI submarine of World War II.
The Central Military Commission ordered the building of the Ming class submarines in 1967 as ''Project 035''. The construction of the first began during October, 1969 at Wuhan Shipyard. The last boat was built in 2002. A total of 20 boats were built, of which 17 are left, and most serve in the North Sea Fleet. No. 361 serving the East Sea Fleet was the thirteenth and was built in 1995 making it one of the newest in the fleet.
CNN reports that China is increasing training and exercises of its submarines in the east to carry out a policy of "sea denial" to try counter the powerful U.S. Pacific fleet.〔(China says sub disaster killed 70 )〕 The location of the incident (see below), the Bohai Sea is very strategic for China. It is the closest sea outlet to Beijing, and one of the busiest sea routes in the world.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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