Chinese students in the United States
| Chinese students in the United States ： ウィキペディア英語版|
Since the late 1970s, sending students abroad to learn advanced Western technology has been a central part of the Chinese government’s policy, and the “''crazy interest in studying abroad”'' tendency booms with an exponential growth in China, and still keep moving upward today. Although American society is more diverse now than at any previous time and diversity on college campuses is an intentional goal, research shows that international students, and Asian students specifically, face discrimination or racialization as a result of stereotypes when studying on US campuses. Further, this racialization has adverse effects on students' ability to adapt to the host culture and leads to increased levels of depression.〔E. Jung, M.L. Hecht, B.C. Wadsworth. "The role of identity in international students’ psychological well-being in the United States: A model of depression level, identity gaps, discrimination, and acculturation” International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 31 (2007), pp. 605–624.〕
==The Tendency of Chinese Students to Go Abroad==
The upsurge of mainland Chinese students studying abroad started in the 1970s, and the number of mainland Chinese students in the US increased from nearly zero at the beginning of 1978 to a total approximately 20,030 in 1988. And this figure doubled by 1993 and tripled by 2003.〔Kun Yan,. David C, Berliner,. “Chinese international Students’ Personal and Sociocultural stressors in the US”. 2013, Tsinghua University Liberal Arts Promotion Fund project.〕 According to the latest statistics, the United States is the leading destination for Chinese students pursuing overseas studies. In academic year 2007-2008, there were 81,127 students from the People’s Republic of China enrolled in higher education institutions in the United States.〔 In fact, the main reason that push so many Chinese students to leave their native places and study abroad is attributed to the ''mania of getting better education''. Attracted by educational opportunities and the so-called “American dream”, the Chinese educated population vie for opportunities to go to the United States, despite the great uncertainties involved.〔 After the two countries agreed to exchange students and scholars in 1978, the numbers of Chinese students coming to US increased. And the reason behind this exponential growth, are as much as financial as “the emphasis on Globalization and diversity touted by the universities.〔Hassan, Siddiq. “American Universities Eye Chinese students.” A publication of MacMillan Center. Yale Global online. 12 November 2013.〕 Today, many Chinese students skip local university entrance exams and apply to American colleges which actively recruit them. The factors behind the change have as much to do with shifts in financial power as with the emphasis on globalization and diversity touted by the universities.〔 And one of the most important reasons for Chinese students prefers the United States because its universities offer more ''academic choices''.
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