The Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (), also known as the Chinese Red Army, or simply the Red Army, was a group army under the command of the Communist Party of China. It was the predecessor of the People's Liberation Army.
The Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army was created on May 25, 1928 in the First Chinese Civil War. Between 1934 to 1935, the Red Army survived several campaigns against the Nationalist forces who were led by the Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek and engaged in the Long March. By the time of 1934 Long March, numerous small units had been organized into three unified groups, the First Red Army (紅一方面軍), the Second Red Army (紅二方面軍) and the Fourth Red Army (紅四方面軍). The Third Red Army and Fifth Red Army in southern Kangsi under command of Bo Gu and Li De. When the anti-Japanese war broke out on July 7, 1937, the communist military forces were nominally integrated into the National Revolutionary Army of the Republic of China forming the Eighth Route Army and the New Fourth Army units.
* August 1, 1927: Nanchang Uprising
* 1927: Autumn Harvest Uprising
* 1930 to 1931: First Encirclement Campaign
* 1931: Second Encirclement Campaign〔
* July 1931: Third Encirclement Campaign〔
* 1932 to 1933: Fourth Encirclement Campaign〔
* 1933 to 1934: Fifth Encirclement Campaign〔
* 1934 to 1936: Long March〔〔《中國國民黨史》：“赤匪自稱這次流竄為長征。這次長征開始於民國二十三年十月，到二十四年一月，紅軍主力已到達貴州的遵義。”〕
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
■ウィキペディアで「Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army」の詳細全文を読む