|territory = Stabilization of the battle front until the war's end in July 1953.
*Chinese forces take some territory south of the 38th Parallel but fail to take Seoul, the city of Kaesong retaken from the UNC and eventually pass to North Korean control after the war.
*United Nations forces halt several Chinese advances during the offensive and recover some lost ground afterwards but fail to take areas near Triangle Hill.
|combatant1 = UN Command:
|commander1 = Matthew Ridgway
|commander2 = Peng Dehuai
|strength1 = 418,500
*10,000 from other U.N. countries
|strength2 = 700,000
*337,000 heading to Seoul
|casualties1 = Unknown but Heavy
|casualties2 = 110,000
The Chinese Spring Offensive, also known as the Chinese Fifth Phase Offensive, was a military operation conducted by the Chinese People's Volunteer Army (PVA) during the Korean War. Mobilizing three field armies totaling 700,000 men for the operation, the Chinese command conducted their largest offensive operation since Second Phase Offensive in November and December 1950. The operation took place in the summer of 1951 and aimed at permanently driving the UN forces off the Korean peninsula.
The offensive's first thrust fell upon the multinational units of US I Corps, which fiercely resisted at the Battle of the Imjin River and the Battle of Kapyong which took place at the same time over the period 22–25 April 1951, blunting the impetus of the offensive, which was halted at the "No-name Line" north of Seoul. On 15 May 1951, the Chinese commenced the second impulse of the Spring Offensive and attacked the Republic of Korea Army and the US X Corps in the east. Although initially successful, they were halted by 20 May. At month's end, the US Eighth Army counterattacked the exhausted Chinese forces, inflicting heavy losses.〔(Chinese Question Role in Korean War, from POW-MIA InterNetwork )〕 However, the UN counterattack was halted by the Chinese near the 38th Parallel, beginning a stalemate that lasted until the armistice in 1953.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
■ウィキペディアで「Chinese Spring Offensive」の詳細全文を読む