Chinese Regional Bishops' Conference
| Chinese Regional Bishops' Conference ： ウィキペディア英語版|
The Chinese Regional Bishops' Conference (天主教會臺灣地區主教團), informally known as the Bishops' Conference of Taiwan, is the episcopal conference of the Free Area of the Republic of China and is the highest organ of the Roman Catholic Church in Greater China. The current conference chair is the Most Rev. John Hung Shan-chuan, S.V.D. Catholics in the independent jurisdictions of Hong Kong, Macau, and Outer Mongolia are represented in the Federation of Asian Bishops' Conferences, not the Chinese Regional Bishops' Conference.
When Archbishop Paul Yü of Nanking attended the Second Vatican Council, Pope John XXIII proposed the development of the Chinese Catholic Church on Taiwan due to the situation of the Church on Mainland China. Part of this development would be to re-establish Catholic schools such as the Catholic University in Peking on Taiwan as well as creating a Chinese episcopal conference. Therefore, the Chinese Catholic Bishops Conference (天主教中國主教團) was established in 1967〔''Annuario Pontificio'' (Libreria Editrice Vaticana ISBN 978-88-209-8021-4), page 1108〕 and would serve as the national bishops' conference for all territories claimed by the Government of the Republic of China. In 1973, bishops from Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macao, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, and the Philippines gathered at Fu Jen Catholic University for the inaugural meeting of the Federation of Asian Bishops' Conferences. In 1998, the conference adopted its current name to reflect the geopolitical situation and remains the only Chinese episcopal conference sanctioned by the Vatican.
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