|insignia = Hong Kong SAR Regional Emblem.svg
|insigniasize = 100px
|insigniacaption = Emblem of Hong Kong
|imagesize = 165px
|image = 2013 Policy Address 03b (cropped).jpg
|incumbent = The Hon Leung Chun-ying
|incumbentsince = 1 July 2012
|residence = Government House
|style = The Honourable
|nominator = Election Committee
|appointer = Premier of China, Central People's Government
|termlength = Five Years, renewable
|formation = 1 July 1997
|inaugural = Tung Chee-hwa (1997)
|website = (Official Website )
The Chief Executive of Hong Kong () is the head and representative of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and head of the Government of Hong Kong.〔Article 43, Hong Kong Basic Law: "The Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be the head of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and shall represent the Region"〕 The position was created to replace the Governor of Hong Kong, the representative of the Monarch of the United Kingdom during British rule.〔Info.gov.hk. "(Info.gov.hk )." ''Bill 1999.'' Retrieved on 28 March 2010.〕 The office, stipulated by the Hong Kong Basic Law, formally came into being on 1 July 1997 when the sovereignty of Hong Kong was transferred from the United Kingdom to the People's Republic of China.
The functions of the Chief Executive include nominating principal officials for appointment by the Government of the People’s Republic of China, conducting foreign relations, appointing judges and other public officers, giving consent to legislation passed by the Legislative Council, and bestowing honours. The Basic Law grants the Chief Executive a wide range of powers, but obliges him or her, before making important policy decisions, introducing bills to the Legislative Council, making subsidiary legislation, and dissolving the Legislative Council, to act only after consultation with the Executive Council.〔Article 56, Hong Kong Basic Law.〕 The Executive Council consists of official and non-official members, including the Chief Secretary of Hong Kong, the most senior official and head of the Government Secretariat, in charge of overseeing the administration of the Government.
The Chief Executive holds the title "The Honourable", and ranks first in the Hong Kong order of precedence.〔Protocol.gov.hk. "(Protocol.gov.hk )." ''Precedence list.'' Retrieved on 28 March 2010.〕 The current Chief Executive is Leung Chun-ying who took office on 1 July 2012. The official residence of the Chief Executive is Government House in Central, Hong Kong Island.
==Eligibility for office==
According to Article 44 of the Basic Law, the Chief Executive must be a Chinese citizen as defined by the HKSAR passport ordinance.〔Basiclaw.org.hk. "(Basiclaw.org.hk )." ''HK Basic law pdf.'' Retrieved on 28 March 2010.〕〔EAC.gov.hk. "(EAC.gov.hk )." ''Nomination of Candidates.'' Retrieved on 28 March 2010.〕 The individual must be at least 40 years old, who is a permanent resident of the HKSAR with no right of abode in any foreign country, and has ordinarily resided in Hong Kong for a continuous period of no less than 20 years.〔 Article 47 further requires that the Chief Executive be a person of integrity, dedicated to his or her duties.〔 In addition, according to electoral laws, since the 4th term of Chief Executive election, anyone interested in running for Chief Executive must receive at least 150 nominations from the Election Committee prior to the election.
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