| label5 = Demonym
| data5 = Central American
| label6 = GDP
| data6 = $203.73 billion (exchange rate) (2013)
$370.52 billion (purchasing power parity) (2013).
| label7 = GDP per capita
| data7 = $4,783 (exchange rate) (2013)
$8,698 (purchasing power parity) (2013).
| label8 = Languages
| data8 = Spanish, English, Mayan languages, Garifuna, Kriol, and other languages of Mesoamerica
| label9 = Time Zones
| data9 = UTC – 6:00, UTC – 5:00
| label10= Largest cities (2010)
| data10 = List of 10 largest cities in Central America〔
San Salvador City
San Pedro Sula
Central America ((スペイン語:América Central'', ''Centroamérica'' or ''América del Centro)) is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, which connects with South America on the southeast. Central America is bordered by Mexico to the north, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Central America consists of seven countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. The combined population of Central America is between 41,739,000 (2009 estimate)〔 and 42,688,190 (2012 estimate).〔
The Central American land mass has an area of ,〔 or almost 0.1% of the Earth's surface. It is part of the Mesoamerican biodiversity hotspot, which extends from northern Guatemala through central Panama. Due to the presence of several active geologic faults and the Central America Volcanic Arc, there is a great deal of seismic activity in the region. Volcanic eruptions and earthquakes occur frequently; these natural disasters have resulted in the loss of many lives and much property.
In the Pre-Columbian era, Central America was inhabited by the indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica, especially the Mayans and the Aztecs. Soon after Christopher Columbus's voyages to the Americas, the Spanish began to colonize the Americas. From 1609 until 1821, most of the territory within Central America—except for the lands that would become Belize and Panama—was governed as the Captaincy General of Guatemala. After achieving independence from Spain in 1821, the former Captaincy General was annexed to the First Mexican Empire, but soon seceded from Mexico to form the Federal Republic of Central America, which lasted from 1823 to 1838. The seven nations finally became independent autonomous nations, beginning with Nicaragua, Honduras, Costa Rica, and Guatemala (1838), followed by El Salvador (1841), then Panama (1903), and finally Belize (1981).
"Central America" may mean different things to various people, based upon different contexts:
* The United Nations statistical divisions for the Americas defines the region as all states of mainland North America south of the United States and specifically includes all of Mexico, but clearly this is only for statistical purposes.〔
* In Latin America (especially in Ibero-America) and also in Iberia, although it is agreed what Central America is, they also could consider the Americas a single continent, and Central America is considered a part of North America.
* In Brazil, Central America comprises all countries between Mexico and Colombia, including those in the Caribbean.
* Some geographers include the Mexican states of Campeche, Chiapas, Tabasco, Quintana Roo, and Yucatán.
* Mexico, in whole or in part, is sometimes included by British people.〔〔〔
* Occasionally, regardless of correctness, the term "Central America" is used synonymously with "Middle America".〔
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』