Capstone Military Leadership Program
| Capstone Military Leadership Program ： ウィキペディア英語版|
CAPSTONE is a joint service professional military education courses for newly promoted brigadier generals and rear admirals serving in the United States military. The National Defense University conducts the CAPSTONE course at Fort Lesley J. McNair in Washington, DC. The course objective is to ensure senior military leaders understand how military forces and other elements of national power are integrated and used to support national military strategies, and how joint, interagency, and multinational operations support strategic national objectives.
On 26 May 1982, the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) directed the National Defense University to establish a professional military education program for brigadier generals and rear admiral selectees. Two eleven-week pilot programs were offered in 1983. In February 1984, the JCS approved a permanent course to be offered once a year. This new course was eight weeks in duration. In July 1986, the JCS reduced the course length to six weeks and increased the frequency to two courses per year.〔Diehl, James A. (Lt Col), “Capstone: Joint Education for Flag and General Officers,” ''Professional Military Education in the United States A Historical Dictionary'', (edited by William E. Simons), Greenwood Press, Westport, CT: 2000.〕〔(CAPSTONE Overview / Policies ), National Defense University, Fort McNair, Washington, D.C., 29 June 2012.〕
The Goldwater-Nichols Defense Reorganization Act of 1986 made CAPSTONE mandatory for all newly selected generals and admirals. Subsection 663(a) of the Act titled “Capstone Course for New Generals and Flag Officers,” specifically required that “Each officer selected for promotion to the grade of brigadier general or, in the case of Navy, rear admiral (lower half) shall be required, after such selection, to attend a military education course designed specifically to prepare new generals and flag officers to work with the other armed forces.” 〔Public Law 99-433, 10 USC 663, “Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986,” 99th Congress, 2nd session, 1 October 1986.〕 In 1987, the number of CAPSTONE courses was increased to four per year to satisfy the statutory requirement.〔
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