| Capstan (nautical) ： ウィキペディア英語版|
A capstan is a vertical-axled rotating machine developed for use on sailing ships to apply force to ropes, cables, and hawsers. The principle is similar to that of the windlass, which has a horizontal axle.
== History ==
The word, connected with the Old French ''capestan'' or ''cabestan(t)'', from Old Provençal ''cabestan'', from ''capestre'' "pulley cord," from Latin ''capistrum'', -a halter, from ''capere'', to take hold of, seems to have come into English (14th century) from Portuguese or Spanish shipmen at the time of the Crusades.〔Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (Great Britain): ''Penny cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, Volume 27''. C. Knight, 1843, page 444〕 Both device and word are considered Spanish inventions.〔"The sailor's 'capstan' is of Spanish invention and christening (''cabestran'', rope-winder)". Lummis F. Charles (1909). ''Flowers of our Loast Romance''.
BiblioBazaar, LLC, 2009, page 202. ISBN
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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