''Capsicum frutescens'' is a species of chili pepper that is sometimes considered to be part of the species ''Capsicum annuum''. Pepper cultivars of ''Capsicum frutescens'' can be annual or short-lived perennial plants. Flowers are white with a greenish white or greenish yellow corolla, and are either insect- or self-pollinated. The plants' berries typically grow erect; ellipsoid-conical to lanceoloid shaped. They are usually very small and pungent, growing long and in diameter. Fruit typically grows a pale yellow and matures to a bright red, but can also be other colors. ''C. frutescens'' has a smaller variety of shapes compared to other ''Capsicum'' species, likely because of the lack of human selection. More recently, however, ''C. frutescens'' has been bred to produce ornamental strains, because of its large quantities of erect peppers growing in colorful ripening patterns.
''Capsicum frutescens'' includes the following cultivars and/or varieties:
*Piri piri, also called African Bird's Eye or African devil
*Kambuzi pepper, Malawian pepper
*Tabasco pepper, used to make Tabasco sauce
*Tjabe Rawit, from Indonesia,〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://www.hot-pain.de/rawit )〕 used in hot Sambal.〔(【引用サイトリンク】url=http://www.tokonamkinh.com/a-18771196/sambal/s013-flower-brand-sambal-tjabe-rawit-groen )〕
*Siling labuyo, from the Philippines.
*Xiaomila, from Yunnan province in China, one of the 3 most commonly used chili in Chinese cooking. The other 2 were Facing heaven pepper and Two Vitex Chili Pepper.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』