Paprika oleoresin (also known as paprika extract) is an oil-soluble extract from the fruits of ''Capsicum annuum'' or ''Capsicum frutescens'', and is primarily used as a colouring and/or flavouring in food products. It is composed of capsaicin, the main flavouring compound giving pungency in higher concentrations, and capsanthin and capsorubin, the main colouring compounds (among other carotenoids).
Extraction is performed by percolation with a variety of solvents, primarily hexane, which are removed prior to use.
Foods coloured with paprika oleoresin include cheese, orange juice, spice mixtures, sauces, sweets and emulsified processed meats. In poultry feed, it is used to deepen the colour of egg yolks.
In the United States, paprika oleoresin is listed as a color additive “exempt from certification” (() Title 21 Code of Federal Regulations part 73). In Europe, paprika oleoresin (extract), and the compounds capsanthin and capsorubin are designated by E160c.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』