| Caprivi conflict ： ウィキペディア英語版|
The Caprivi conflict was an armed conflict between the Namibian government and the Caprivi Liberation Army, a rebel group working for the secession of the Caprivi Strip.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Caprivi Liberation Front )〕
The Caprivi Strip in the north east of Namibia is mainly inhabited by the Lozi people. They share a common language and history, and often feel more connected with Lozi people in neighbouring countries Zambia, Angola and Botswana.
The Namibian government has accused the CLA of being allied with the Angolan rebel movement UNITA. UNITA is very unpopular in Namibia since it helped South Africa fighting SWAPO during the liberation struggle,〔Colin Leys & John S. Saul (1994): Liberation without Democracy? The Swapo Crisis of 1976. In: Journal of Southern African Studies 20 (1)〕 and is considered to be an enemy of the state by many.
One cause of the conflict can be seen in a previous power struggle between Mishake Muyongo and the SWAPO leadership during exile in Angola. In July 1980 Muyongo was ousted from being SWAPO Vice-President under the accusation of being involved in subversive activities and pursuing secessionist ambitions. He was subsequently detained in Zambia and Tanzania, followed by an alleged purge against Caprivians in SWAPO.〔Justine Hunter (2008): Die Politik der Erinnerung und des Vergessens in Namibia. Frankfurt /M. (Peter Lang)〕
After his return to Namibia in 1985 Muyongo formed the United Democratic Party (UDP) which joined the Democratic Turnhalle Alliance (DTA). He was President of DTA from 1991 until 1998 when he was expelled as a result of his support for the secession of his home region.〔Graham Hopwood (2008): Guide to Namibian Politics. Windhoek (NID), p. 214-215〕
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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