| Calico (textile) ： ウィキペディア英語版|
Calico (in British usage, 1505, AmE "muslin") is a plain-woven textile made from unbleached and often not fully processed cotton. It may contain unseparated husk parts, for example. The fabric is less coarse and thick than canvas or denim, but it is still very cheap owing to its unfinished and undyed appearance.
The fabric was originally from the city of Kozhikode (known by the English as ''Calicut'') in southwestern India. It was made by the traditional weavers called cāliyans. The raw fabric was dyed and printed in bright hues, and calico prints became popular in Europe.
Calico originated in Kozhikode (also known as Calicut, from which the name of the textile came) in southwestern India during the 11th century.〔 The cloth was known as "cāliyan" to the natives.
It was mentioned in Indian literature by the 12th century when the writer Hēmacandra described calico fabric prints with a lotus design.〔Encyclopædia Britannica (2008). ''calico''〕 By the 15th century calico from Gujǎrāt made its appearance in Egypt.〔 Trade with Europe followed from the 17th century onwards.〔
Calico was woven using Sūrat cotton for both the warp and weft.
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』
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