Billie Jean King
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Billie Jean King (''née'' Moffitt; born November 22, 1943) is an American former World No. 1 professional tennis player. King won 39 Grand Slam titles, including 12 singles, 16 women's doubles, and 11 mixed doubles titles. King won the singles title at the inaugural WTA Tour Championships. King often represented the United States in the Federation Cup and the Wightman Cup. She was a member of the victorious United States team in seven Federation Cups and nine Wightman Cups. For three years, King was the United States' captain in the Federation Cup.
King is an advocate for sexual equality. In 1973, at age 29, she won the so-called ''Battle of the Sexes'' tennis match against the 55-year-old Bobby Riggs, and was the founder of the Women's Tennis Association, World TeamTennis (with former husband Larry King), and the Women's Sports Foundation.
King was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1987. The Fed Cup Award of Excellence was bestowed on King in 2010. In 1972, King was the joint winner, with John Wooden, of the ''Sports Illustrated'' Sportsman of the Year award and was one of the ''Time'' Persons of the Year in 1975. King has also received the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the ''Sunday Times'' Sportswoman of the Year lifetime achievement award. King was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in 1990, and in 2006, the USTA National Tennis Center in New York City was renamed the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center.
King was born in Long Beach, California, into a conservative Methodist family, the daughter of Betty (née Jerman), a housewife, and Bill Moffitt, a firefighter.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Official Wimbledon profile of Billie Jean King )〕 Her younger brother, Randy Moffitt, would become a Major League Baseball pitcher. Billie Jean attended Long Beach Polytechnic High School. After graduating, she attended California State University, Los Angeles (Cal State LA). She learned her tennis on the free public courts in Long Beach. (One of the city's recreation facilities has subsequently been named the (Billie Jean King Tennis Center ).) Bob Martin of the Long Beach ''Press Telegram'' wrote about Billie Jean's success in a weekly tennis column.
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