|state_coa=Coat of arms of Berlin.svg
|map=Berlin in Germany and EU.png
|map_text=Location within European Union and Germany
|GDP = 112.336
|GDP_year = 2013
|GDP_per_capita = 31,500
|GDP_per_capita_year = 2013
|leader=Michael Müller (politician)Michael Müller
|Kfz=B〔Prefixes for vehicle registration were introduced in 1906, but often changed due to the political changes after 1945. Vehicles were registered under the following prefixes: "I A" (1906 – April 1945; devalidated on 11 August 1945); no prefix, only digits (from July to August 1945), "БГ" (=BG; 1945–46, for cars, lorries and busses), "ГФ" (=GF; 1945–1946, for cars, lorries and busses), "БM" (=BM; 1945–47, for motor bikes), "ГM" (=GM; 1945–1947, for motor bikes), "KB" (i.e.: Kommandatura of Berlin; for all of Berlin 1947–48, continued for West Berlin until 1956), "GB" (i.e.: Greater Berlin, for East Berlin 1948–53), "I" (for East Berlin, 1953–90), "B" (for West Berlin from 1 July 1956, continued for all of Berlin since 1990).〕
|latd=52 |latm=31 |lats= |longd=13 |longm=23 |longs=
| blank_name_sec2 = geoTLD
| blank_info_sec2 = .berlin
Berlin (, ) is the capital of Germany and one of the 16 states of Germany. With a population of 3.5 million people,〔 it is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union. Located in northeastern Germany on the banks of Rivers Spree and Havel, it is the centre of the Berlin-Brandenburg Metropolitan Region, which has about six million residents from over 180 nations.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Daten und Fakten Hauptstadtregion )〕〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Initiativkreis Europäische Metropolregionen in Deutschland: Berlin-Brandenburg )〕〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=PowerPoint-Präsentation )〕〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=City Profiles Berlin )〕 Due to its location in the European Plain, Berlin is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. Around one-third of the city's area is composed of forests, parks, gardens, rivers and lakes.
First documented in the 13th century and situated at the crossing of two important historic trade routes,〔(''Niederlagsrecht'' ), Verein für die Geschichte Berlins. Retrieved 21 November 2015 (German).〕 Berlin became the capital of the Margraviate of Brandenburg (1417-1701), the Kingdom of Prussia (1701–1918), the German Empire (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (1919–1933) and the Third Reich (1933–1945).〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Documents of German Unification, 1848–1871 )〕 Berlin in the 1920s was the third largest municipality in the world.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Topographies of Class: Modern Architecture and Mass Society in Weimar Berlin (Social History, Popular Culture, and Politics in Germany). )〕 After World War II, the city was divided; East Berlin became the capital of East Germany while West Berlin became a ''de facto'' West German exclave, surrounded by the Berlin Wall (1961–1989).〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=Berlin Wall )〕 Following German reunification in 1990, Berlin was once again designated as the capital of all Germany.
Berlin is a world city of culture, politics, media, and science.〔 See also: (【引用サイトリンク】title=Sites and situations of leading cities in cultural globalisations/Media )〕〔
〕 Its economy is based on high-tech firms and the service sector, encompassing a diverse range of creative industries, research facilities, media corporations, and convention venues.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=ICCA publishes top 20 country and city rankings 2007 )〕 Berlin serves as a continental hub for air and rail traffic and has a highly complex public transportation network. The metropolis is a popular tourist destination. Significant industries also include IT, pharmaceuticals, biomedical engineering, clean tech, biotechnology, construction, and electronics.
Modern Berlin is home to renowned universities, orchestras, museums, entertainment venues, and is host to many sporting events.〔(【引用サイトリンク】title=World Heritage Site Museumsinsel )〕 Its urban setting has made it a sought-after location for international film productions. The city is well known for its festivals, diverse architecture, nightlife, contemporary arts, and a high quality of living.〔 See also: (【引用サイトリンク】title=Ranking of best cities in the world ) and (【引用サイトリンク】title=The Monocle Quality Of Life Survey 2015 )〕 Over the last decade Berlin has seen the emergence of a cosmopolitan entrepreneurial scene.〔
抄文引用元・出典: フリー百科事典『 ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』