Ben Johnson (American sprinter)
| Ben Johnson (American sprinter) ： ウィキペディア英語版|
Ben Johnson (1914–1992) was an American sprinter who was considered a serious rival to Jesse Owens. Known as the "Columbia Comet", Johnson was the United States champion at 100 yards in 1938. Injury and the outbreak of the Second World War denied him the chance of competing in the Olympics.
In later life he became one of the first African-American colonels in the United States Army.
== Early life ==
Born in Virginia, Johnson first achieved track success as a junior at Plymouth High School in Plymouth, Pennsylvania, breaking state records at 100 and 220 yards. He was invited to take part at the 1932 United States Olympic Trials but initially declined the offer because of the cost of travel. However, the local Plymouth townsfolk raised the funds to pay for his trip, calling it the "Ben Johnson Olympic Fund".
At the trials themselves he was eliminated in a heat of the 200 yards.〔http://www.usatf.org/statistics/champions/OlympicTrials/HistoryOfTheOlympicTrials.pdf The History of the United States Olympic Trials - Track & Field, R Hymans, USA Track & Field, 2008〕
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